Система Orphus

Symptoms of disease - violation of the autonomic nervous system

The autonomic nervous system (systema nervosum autonomicum; synonym: the Autonomous nervous system, involuntary nervous system, visceral nervous system - the part of the nervous system that ensures functioning of internal organs, regulation of vascular tone, innervation glands, trophic innervation of skeletal muscles, receptors and the nervous system.

Vegetative fibers out of the Central nervous system and leaving in a subsequent major nerve trunks, through the system of vegetative nodes regulate the work of internal organs. Such relations of the peripheral and Central nervous system testify to their functional and structural unity.

The autonomic nervous system has the Central and peripheral units.

In the Central division of the distinguished suprasegmental (higher) and segmental (lower) autonomic centers.

Suprasegmental autonomic centers are concentrated in the brain in the brain cortex (predominantly in frontal and parietal lobes), hypothalamus, olfactory brain, subcortical structures (polostoe body), in the trunk of a brain (reticular formation), the cerebellum, etc.

Segmental autonomic centers are located in the brain and in the spinal cord.

Autonomic centers of the brain are subdivided into mesenccphalic and bulbar (vegetative kernel of oculomotorius, face, tongue-glotocnogo and wandering nerve), and the spinal cord - the lumbar-split breasts and sacral.

Which diseases there is violation of the autonomic nervous system

Detection of diseases of the vegetative nervous system is only possible method of exclusion, after a detailed survey of the patient. Violation of the Central divisions of the autonomic nervous system, as a rule, is manifested generalized violations of regulating the activities of the autonomic nervous system disorder of the organism adaptation to changing environmental conditions (e.g., fluctuations of atmospheric pressure, humidity and air temperature, etc.), lower efficiency, endurance to physical, emotional and mental stress. Previously such condition is often called the autonomic dysfunction, vegetative-vascular dystonia, vegetative neurosis. However, vegetative disorders are usually in the complex of functional (e.g., hysteria, neurasthenia) or organic lesions of the nervous system in General, and not just its the Department (e.g., at a craniocereberal trauma, etc.).

The defeat of the hypothalamus is characterized by the emergence of the hypothalamic syndrome. Dysfunction higher vegetative centers of the hypothalamus and the limbic system) can be relatively electoral violations, related to functional disorders of the autonomic innervation of vessels, first of all arteries - the so-called angio trophy neuroses.

Disorders of thermoregulation, power (anorexia nervosa, obesity), circadian rhythm and sexual function may occur as a result of diseases affecting the hypothalamus (congenital or hereditary, tumors, trauma, subarahnoidalnogo bleeding).

In children such States include Prader-Willi syndrome (obesity, hypogonadism, muscular hypotonia, Unsharp mental retardation), the syndrome of the Klein-Levin (drowsiness hypersexuality and bulimia in Teens) and cranio pharyngitis.

In adults injury, aneurysm with bleeding subarahnoidalnam (aneurysm front of connective arteries), glioma hypothalamus may cause Central disorders of GNH.

To dysfunctions of higher vegetative centres include sleep disturbances in the form of permanent or paroxysmal drowsiness, the latter is often accompanied by emotional disorders (malignity, aggressiveness), as well as patola, increased appetite. In childhood expression of such autonomic dysfunction may be bed-wetting.

Postural hypotension.

Primary disorders that cause postural hypotension, influence or at the level of the Central nervous system, or at the level of the peripheral nervous system. Shy Drager syndrome arises as a result of degenerative process in the Central nervous system (multisystem disease), including the loss of neurons in the basal ganglia, brain stem and intermedia lateral cellular serious spinal cord.

Postural hypotension sometimes develops at a fixed frequency of cardiac contractions and signs of dysfunction of the Central nervous system (tremor, Parkinson's disease and cerebellar ataxia). In the later stages of the disease often occurs incontinence of urine.

Other diseases of the vegetative nervous system.

Often there are violations of the bladder. They can be caused by a lesion of the spinal cord above the sacral segments; in this state, the bladder can be displayed by reflex, but lost arbitrary control urination.

Destruction, destroying the spinal cord below the level of KZT12 (meningomyelocele, necrotic myelopathy), lead to the fact that the bladder becomes atonic, reflex-insensitive, unable to evacuate.

Disorders of motor innervation (sacral neurons, nerve roots or peripheral nerves) in the form of lesions of the peripheral motor neurons are accompanied by dysuria, under normal perception of the fullness of the bladder.

Sensitive mesenteric leads to loss of sensation of fullness of the urinary bladder and his atony (diabetes, tabes of the spinal cord).

Other destruction of vegetative nervous system can develop in common infections, injuries, tumors, vascular violations. The most common syndromes (combinations of characteristics) - vegeto-vascular dystonia, migraine. For diseases of the vegetative nervous system is characterized by cyclical trends and the predominance of the common signs of the disease.

For vegeto-vascular dystonia is characterized by a spasm of the blood vessels of the brain, palpitations, dizziness, etc.

Diseases of the nervous system - it is always seriously, treat them need long-term, to keep all doctor's prescription.

Which doctor should I contact if there is a violation of the autonomic nervous system

  • Neurologist

Are you experiencing violation of the autonomic nervous system? You want to know more detailed information, or you need an inspection? Please sign up on reception to the doctor! Doctors will examine you, examine the external signs and help to determine the disease the symptoms, they will consult you and provide the necessary assistance. You can also call the doctor on the house.

Do you feel disrupted autonomic nervous system? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

Disorders by category

Disorders by alphabet

Map of the symptoms and the types of disorders is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.