Система Orphus

Symptoms of disease - disruption of the heart

Contraction of the heart occurs at a certain pace and rhythm. The heartbeat of a healthy man is sufficiently precise rhythmic «pattern», and, as it is an Autonomous process, there is little dependent on the arbitrary control of man, in contrast to, for example, from the muscles in the arms and legs, then, respectively, the healthy person, as a rule, just not paying attention to the fact, as does its job its heart - the heart rhythm retains its uniformity in the case of higher rate. The frequency of sinus rhythm in most healthy adults alone is between 60 and 75 beats per minute.

But, if the picture of the reductions appear violations, my heart immediately makes itself known. Violation of the rhythm of work of the heart - it is, in fact, is incredible.
Arrhythmia may occur in the structural changes in the conducting system of the heart diseases and under the influence of the autonomic, endocrine and electrolyte disorders, in poisonings and some medicinal effects.

Most often the following rhythm disturbance of the heart:

- Sinus tachycardia. In this case, increased heart rate can be up to 150 beats per minute. In a healthy person, the increased rhythm may be associated with a certain risk or with a strong emotional stress. Then the rhythm of the heart comes back to normal. Persistent same frequency of sinus rhythm up to 100-140 beats per minute occurs in heart failure, a violation of the thyroid, anemia, diseases of the nervous system. In this condition the patient there is increased heart rate with unpleasant feelings in the heart area. The reason for this tachycardia may be domestic, toxic and medicinal effects. Their eradication leads to the normalization of the status without any additional prescription of any special preparations.

- Sinusova aetiology. In this case, there is a drop in heart rate to 60 and less than beats per minute. This phenomenon may occur in a healthy person in a state of rest in sleep.
Bradycardia occurs more often in case of neuroses, pathology of the digestive system. Aetiology also occurs when raising vnutricerepnogo pressure, reduced thyroid function, under certain viral infections, under the influence of certain drugs (heart glycosides, beta-adrenoblokatora, verapamil, sympatholytic, especially reserpine).

- Paroxysmal tachycardia. In this case there is a sudden quickening of the heart at rest to 140-200 beats per minute. The patient during the attack must be in a horizontal position, to him is better cause cardio.

- Arrythmia - premature contraction of the heart or its departments. This is due to the emergence of the momentum out of the sinus node. Arrythmia can accompany any disease of the heart.

Not less than half of the cases, arrythmia is not associated with heart disease, and is due to autonomic and psycho-emotional disorders, drug treatment (especially cardiac glycosides), violations elektrolitnogo balance of different nature, alcohol and mood-altering substances, Smoking, reflex influence of the internal organs.
A patient might not notice extrasystole, or feel «push» in the chest, or the «suspension» of the heart.

- Atrial fibrillation. Atrial fibrillation - chaotic reduction of certain groups of muscle fiber fibrillation, the atrium is not reduced overall, and in connection with the variability of mitral of the ventricles are reduced arhythmically, usually with a frequency of approximately 100 to 150 beats per minute.
Atrial fibrillation can be invisible, or be perceived by patients as a rapid heartbeat.

- Heartbeat - feeling acceleration or enhanced contractions of the heart. In healthy people, the emergence of a heartbeat contribute to changes in excitability of the nervous apparatus, regulating the activity of the heart, under the influence of high physical loads» the excitement, the high temperature of the air, of the abuse of tobacco, alcohol, strong tea, coffee. The heartbeat occurs also in diseases of the cardiovascular system, the diseases that occur with fever. Sometimes this condition happens even with little physical strain or even at rest, can be accompanied by a feeling of fear.

Which diseases there is disruption of the heart

The main causes of violations in the work of the heart:
- reduction of the supply of the heart muscle with oxygen - hypoxia (atherosclerosis, ischemic heart disease);
- arterial hypertension;
- myocardial infarction;
- vices and inflammatory diseases of the heart (myocarditis, cardiomyopathy);
congenital anomalies of the conducting system of the heart;
- use performance-enhancing drugs, drugs, drugs;
- endocrine diseases;
- sometimes the problem is with the heart rhythm meet-makers with some drugs;
- many of the attacks arrhythmias occur as a result of overeating, frequent consumption of alcohol, Smoking;
- under the influence of stress and strong emotions;
"some types of arrhythmias associated with such severe diseases as a disease of the thyroid gland (hypothyroidism, hyperthyroidism, autoimmune thyroiditis), anemia, coronary heart disease and heart failure. Many types of arrhythmias occur in persons with healthy heart during sleep, when performing physical exercises and under the influence of stress and emotions.

Different diseases, accompanied by a violation of the anatomical structures of the heart or occurring in it metabolic processes, can cause a variety of duration and the nature of the kinds of arrhythmia, and establish the diagnosis can only physician, whose findings are based on clinical and electrocardiographic data.

Which doctor should I contact if there is a disruption of the heart

  • Cardiologist

Are you experiencing disruption of the heart? You want to know more detailed information, or you need an inspection? Please sign up on reception to the doctor! Doctors will examine you, examine the external signs and help to determine the disease the symptoms, they will consult you and provide the necessary assistance. You can also call the doctor on the house.

Do you feel disrupted heart? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

Disorders by category

Disorders by alphabet

Map of the symptoms and the types of disorders is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.