Система Orphus

Symptoms of disease - violation of development

Violation of development (Developmental Disorder) - any violation of development that occurs in infants or children, which is characterized by delay of biologically necessary mental functions, for example, the development of speech. Often such a violation of the development occurs in boys than in girls, but in time it gradually passes. Impairments are divided into comprehensive (pervasive), in which the child is lagging behind in development for many of the indicators (for example, in autism), and specific (specific), in which the gap is observed on any one parameter (as when, for example, dyslexia).

Which diseases there is violation of development

In the basis of those or other problems in the development of a special child are disorders of the nervous system or create a parser, as a result of which there are unusual (atypical) structure and activities of the organs or the whole organism. Violations can occur at any stage of development (pre-Natal, post-Natal, as a result of hereditary factors). Depending on the reasons for the occurrence of violations of their divided into congenital and acquired.

The reasons of occurrence of CONGENITAL DISORDERS varied
The first group includes pathogens (causing violations of the factors acting on the developing fetus during intra-uterine development.

It is:
- physical and psychological trauma of the mother;
- infectious and viral diseases of the mother during pregnancy (rubella, influenza, measles, herpes, cytomegalovirus, Toxoplasma, etc.);
- various diseases of a pregnant woman (heart disease, lung, endocrine glands);
- toxicosis of pregnancy;
- RH incompatibility between the blood of the mother and fetus, in consequence of which there are various embryonic brain damage (in this case, it is often suffer subcortical education, temporal region of the cortex and the auditory nerves);
- poisoning - poisoning by toxic substances, drugs, drugs, alcohol (not only systematic, but also moderate, occasional use of alcohol during pregnancy or even a single use of it before conception can adversely affect the fate of the future of the child);
- dystrophy, starvation, malnutrition of the mother can cause fetal deficit of nutrients: proteins, fats, carbohydrates.

There is a direct link between the exposure time of pathogenic agents on the developing fetus and the negative effects. The earlier during intra-uterine development destroying the embryo, the more severe are the effects.

The second group of congenital disorders are hereditary genetic destruction of the organism.

Elementary units of heredity are the genes that are located in the chromosomes - filamentary self-reproducing structures of the cell nucleus. In the part of the chromosome coded basic features of the organism. By inheritance is transferred only the chromosomes with localized in their genes.

It is possible inheritance of some forms of intellectual violations (for example, down's syndrome, or psychosis caused by failures in the structure or number of chromosomes. Are also certain violations of visual and auditory analyzer.

ACQUIRED VIOLATIONS include a variety of disorders in the development of, caused by nature and delivery lesions of the child's organism.

To the violations during childbirth, as a rule, include:
- Birth trauma, associated with unfavourable course delivery (long-term, protracted or fast, fast).

Common complication of this may be a hemorrhage in a brain matter: during the protracted delivery pressure, deformation of the head of the child can be the cause of the rupture of blood vessels, and as a result of the rapid delivery bleeding may occur because of the quick-change intrauterine atmospheric pressure.

During the long-lasting birth caused by improper position of the fetus, it is also possible traumatic injury of the shoulder of the nerve plexus, which causes peripheral paralysis of the arms.
- Asphyxia - respiratory arrest, natural starvation in the child during childbirth - also leads to disorders of the circulatory system, with severe consequences.

Post-partum acquired disorders in the development of the are in the main consequences of the endured diseases in early childhood. These include:
- infectious and viral infections (meningitis, encephalitis, polio, etc.);
- various injuries (of traumatic brain, hearing or visual analyzers);
- intoxication (poisoning by toxic substances, drugs, drugs, alcohol);
- various diseases of the eye, the ear, nose, throat, which may cause severe complications and the defeat of the relevant analyzers with the subsequent violation of the child's development.

So, in violation of development can occur under the influence of different harmful influences of internal and external factors on the organism of the embryo, fetus, infant or child at an early age. There is often a combination of these malicious factors.

Which doctor should I contact if there is a violation of development

  • Gynaecologist
  • Obstetrician-gynecologist
  • Pediatrician
  • Neonatologist
  • Resuscitator
  • Neuropathologist
  • Geneticist

Are you experiencing violation of development? You want to know more detailed information, or you need an inspection? Please sign up on reception to the doctor! Doctors will examine you, examine the external signs and help to determine the disease the symptoms, they will consult you and provide the necessary assistance. You can also call the doctor on the house.

Do you feel disrupted development? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

Disorders by category

Disorders by alphabet

Map of the symptoms and the types of disorders is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.