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Symptoms of disease - violation of vascular

Vascular disorder - name is very common. Vessels themselves there are several varieties. On what grounds you can understand that it was time to go to the doctor or dramatically change the way of life?

Which diseases there is violation of vascular

The main risk for arterial vessels is atherosclerosis. The cause of his appearance become a so-called plaques, formed under the thin inner shell of the arteries. Most of the «filling» of these plaques is cholesterol. As it turns out? First of all, because of the excessive amount of cholesterol enters the body through food. Together with the increased synthesis of cholesterol in the liver. Thus, the content of cholesterol in the blood, and the surplus is deposited in the wall of the arteries. Growing atherosclerotic a plaque narrows the lumen of the vessel and from this limits the flow of blood. With time, the authorities of the supplied with this artery, receive less oxygen and nutrients. Tangible manifestations of atherosclerosis depend on what kind of authority «hunger strike».

If this is the heart, the person feels pain in the heart and shortness of breath on exertion.
If the legs, after a short walk away there is pain on the type of intermittent claudication.
If the head - would come to the forefront dizziness, memory deterioration and thinking less of a headache.

How to recognize the vascular violation? Unfortunately, the man starts to experience health problems already in the later stages of atherosclerosis, because the blood supply of bodies suffers only when the lumen of the artery is closed plaque more than three-quarters. Alas, at this rate the plaques can help only surgical or endoscopic intervention. It is therefore easier to do prevention of atherosclerosis. This is especially true for people, next of kin which had problems with the cardiovascular system.

What to do? Try to eat as much fresh vegetables, seafood, garlic and black currant, use more vegetable fats than animals - such a diet contains very little cholesterol and supports the optimal ratio of the various lipids fats) in the blood. After thirty years of periodically check the analysis of the blood on the lipid spectrum - this will help to identify violations, predisposing to atherosclerosis. If the violations are not delay a visit to a doctor, perhaps it is time to take drugs that reduce the production of cholesterol in the body. If atherosclerosis is left untreated, over time, a plaque loses strength and destroyed, clogging the arteries. This leads, depending on the location of the obstruction, to serious complications, such as myocardial infarction, stroke, gangrene, etc.

Another common and serious disease of the arteries that leads to vascular disorders obliterating endarteritis. This is inflammation of the inner lining of the arteries most often affects the arteries of the legs, leading to a narrowing of the vessel. Manifestations of atherosclerosis are similar to, but growing faster. One of the main predisposing factors endarteritis - the continued use of the nicotine. So, the only prevention can be a waiver of any kinds of Smoking is not something that the cigarette sit, you can't even chewing or snuffing tobacco.

The most vulnerable part of the venous channel - this is the veins of the legs. For this injustice» we must give thanks to bipedalism. It is for these veins the blood flowing from the bottom up, against the force of gravity. In order to avoid what happened stagnation of blood inside the veins have valves - folds of the inner lining, let the blood of the just in the right direction. Blood circulation and promote the two natural that performs this task only when walking and aperture. Predisposition to the weakness of the valve apparatus and venous walls is inherited. But this is not all. Play a role overweight, long stay in a sitting or standing position, lack of exercise, pregnancy - all this leads to the fact that the outflow of blood from the veins of the legs even more worse.
Pressure in the veins is increasing, and they start to stretch, which further exacerbates the lack of valves and leads to further stagnation of blood. Develops varicose veins.

How to recognize the vascular violation? Suspect the beginning of the disease will allow the following signs:
- after long periods of standing or sitting, a sense of fatigue, aches and pulling pain in the legs;
- by the end of the day, there are swelling of the feet, which can be distributed on the legs;
- at the later stages of varicose veins under the skin are visible advanced twisted veins.

What to do? The first thing to pay attention to prevention. Especially, if the family is already someone suffering from varicose veins. The incidence of this disease is high: with him face every third woman and every tenth man older than 40 years. Preventive actions are reduced to the pedestrian walks or exercises for the legs, to rest in the supine position and to weight loss.

Thrombophlebitis is dangerous because of the inflammation of the inner shell of the venous vessels begin to grow blood clots, sometimes reaching the impressive size. The broken blood clot from the circulation of the blood is recorded in the vessels of the lungs, clogging them. Such a state is called thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery and in more than half of the cases has lethal outcome. Treated acute thrombophlebitis only in hospital conditions. Often when a thrombophlebitis need surgery to remove a blood clot or all of the inflamed veins in contrast to the arteries, veins have many detours. However, in a case does not end: after inpatient treatment are usually recommended to wear compressive knitted wear, drugs that reduce blood clot.

The reasons that lead to a breach of blood flow in the capillary bed, and diverse. Here are a few of direct mechanisms, which microcirculation:
- various disorders of the autonomic nervous system,
syndrome Reynaud,
- with the lack of vitamins C and R,
- isolated of microangiopathy (hereditary defects of capillary blood vessels),
- diabetes mellitus,
- arterial hypertension,
- autoimmune diseases.

How to recognize? Sign of the capillary blood flow is usually a feeling chilly in the toes of the feet and hands, quick pale fingers, ears and nose when the frost or when washing your face with cold water. In parts of reduced microcirculation often observed trophic skin disorders: peeling, pigmentation, education long term healing of ulcers of up to gangrene.
What to do? For the expansion of capillaries and improve the fluidity of the blood of the use pentoxifylline, drugs plants Ginkgo biloba, etc. To reduce the fragility of blood vessels prescribe vitamins C, rutin).

Which doctor should I contact if there is a violation of vascular

  • Vascularity surgeon

Are you experiencing violation of vascular? You want to know more detailed information, or you need an inspection? Please sign up on reception to the doctor! Doctors will examine you, examine the external signs and help to determine the disease the symptoms, they will consult you and provide the necessary assistance. You can also call the doctor on the house.

Do you feel disrupted vascular? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

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Map of the symptoms and the types of disorders is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.