Система Orphus

Symptoms of disease - violation of the intestine functions

The large intestine is the final part of the digestive tract of man and consists of several departments. Its beginning is considered to be blind intestine, on the border of which the rising Department in the large intestine empties into the small intestine. Ends the large intestine external orifice of the rear passage. The total length of the large intestine in humans is about 2 meters.

The diameter of the various departments of the large intestine). In a blind gut and the uplink Department he reaches 7-8 inches, and in all of sigmoid 3-4 centimeters.

Wall colonic intestine consists of four layers. The inside of the intestine is covered with a mucous membrane. It produces and secretes mucus, which is already itself protects the intestinal wall and contribute to the promotion of the content.

Under the mucous membrane is located layer of fatty tissue (submucosal shell), in which the blood and lymph vessels.

Then comes the muscular layer. It consists of two layers: the inner circular and outer longitudinal. Due to the muscular layers of the mixing takes place and promotion of the bowel contents on the direction of the exit.

Serous shell covers the large intestine from the outside. The wall thickness of colonic intestine in its various departments is different, in the right half of it makes only 1-2 mm, and in the sigmoid the gut - 5 millimeters.

The large intestine is located in the abdominal cavity and is in contact with all of the belly authority or is located in close proximity to them.

Rectum in men in the front with the bladder, seed bubbles, the prostate, the women to the uterus and to the back wall of the vagina.

Inflammatory processes of these bodies can pass on the rectum and Vice versa.

The function of the colon:

- Absorptive function of the large intestine;
- Evacuation function of the large intestine;
- The excretory function of the large intestine.
- The role of microflora in thick intestine.

Which diseases there is violation of the intestine functions

In the large intestine are accumulated and retained stool to putting out.

Although stool through the colon slowly: intestinal content passes through the small intestine (5 meters) in 4-5 hours, on the thick (2 meters) for 12-18 hours, but nevertheless, they are nowhere to stay.

Before disassemble the other functions of the large intestine, let us take the case of delay evacuation functions. Absence of the chair during the 24-32 hours should be considered as constipation.

Topped with language, stale breath, sudden headache, dizziness, lethargy, drowsiness, a feeling of heaviness in the lower abdomen, bloating, pain and rumbling in the stomach, loss of appetite, isolation, irritability, gloomy thoughts, violent, insufficient chairs - these are the signs of constipation.

One of the most frequent causes of constipation - the adoption of energy-dense foods small volume. Bad habit satisfy their hunger sandwiches with tea or coffee leads to the fact that stercorous mass in the intestine is formed little, it is the reflex of the chair, with the result that in a few days is not defecation. This is a clear case of constipation. But even with regular chair most of the people suffering from a hidden form of constipation.

As a result of malnutrition, mostly of soft corn and cooked food, devoid of vitamins and mineral elements (potatoes, flour products of flour-grinding, richly flavored with butter, sugar), and mixed with protein food (meat, sausage, cheese, eggs, milk), each such food passes through the large intestine and leaves on the walls of the film Kala - "scum".

When gathering in the folds of-pocket (diverticula) of the large intestine, from the "scum" are formed by dehydration (because there is sucked up to 95% of the water) fecal stones.

"Intestinal autointoxication - the main obstacle in achieving longevity".

Expressed autointoxication may develop in the presence of three conditions:

1. A sedentary lifestyle;
2. Power refined, mainly oil food with sharp deficiency in her vegetables, herbs and fruits;
3. A nervous-emotional overload, frequent stresses".

The next important point is the fact that the thickness of the walls of the large intestine mainly 1-2 mm. Therefore, through this a thin wall into the abdominal cavity easily penetrate toxic effusions, poisoning the local organs: liver, kidneys, sex organs, and so on.

The large intestine has the ability to provide in the lumen of digestive juices with a small number of enzymes. From the blood in the bowel lumen can be allocated salt, alcohol and other substances, which sometimes cause irritation of the mucous membranes and the development of diseases associated with it.

This is the same mechanism of the irritant action on the mucous membrane of the large intestine salty and spicy food. As a rule, hemorrhoids always aggravated after the dishes herring, smoked food, dishes with vinegar.

If to speak about dysbacteriosis, this state, during which all the germs of our body change their composition. This change in turn leads to the disruption of the work of the stomach and intestines.

The failure of the intestine may be the result of improper use of various antibiotics.

If You are suffering from diseases of the digestive tract, You may also appear dysbacteriosis. Weak immunity, post-operation condition or malnutrition - another three causes of dysbacteriosis.

During dysbacteriosis intestine ceases to be useful microbes. He just filled with harmful bacteria, which can cause pain in the area of the intestine. At this moment the human organism practically are not receive any vitamins, fats and other important substances for the organism. All this leads to a strong reduction in body weight of the patient. Dysbacteriosis of the patient and painful blister stomach. He always changes his chair.

Diarrhea, or diarrhea on scientific, called such a state, when You walk by and large more than two times in a day, and cal has a liquid consistence. Diarrhea is not in itself a disease, he points to the fact that in the digestive system that something is not in order.

Why there's diarrhea?

The first reason is the effect of pathogenic microbes, for example, dysenteric or other. Diarrhea is always accompanied by overgrowth. Sometimes the disorder of the digestive system may cause an excess of some food products.

What are the symptoms of diarrhea?

If the diarrhea is very strong, the urge to defecate practically follow each other. Can stomach ache, can roil, possible swelling of the abdomen.

Diarrhea is dangerous because, that the body loses a lot of fluid. Comes dehydration. Especially dangerous is the condition for babies and the elderly. It can even be fatal.

Which doctor should I contact if there is a violation of the intestine functions

  • Gastroenterologist

Are you experiencing violation of the intestine functions? You want to know more detailed information, or you need an inspection? Please sign up on reception to the doctor! Doctors will examine you, examine the external signs and help to determine the disease the symptoms, they will consult you and provide the necessary assistance. You can also call the doctor on the house.

Do you feel disrupted intestine functions? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

Disorders by category

Disorders by alphabet

Map of the symptoms and the types of disorders is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.