Система Orphus

Symptoms of disease - violation of the thyroid gland

Violations of the thyroid gland include changes in hormone production and change in structure of the tissue of the thyroid gland.

The thyroid gland produces thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) are important hormones, which regulate the exchange of fats, carbohydrates and proteins in the body, cardiovascular activity, the work of stomach-intestinal tract, reproductive system, mental function. The production of T3 and T4 regulates the thyroid-stimulating hormone by the pituitary gland (TSH). TSH stimulates the thyroid gland. The allocation of pituitary is reduced if the level of thyroid hormones T3 and T4 in the blood is high, and Vice versa, if the thyroid gland is weak and the level of hormones in the blood is reduced, the pituitary gland produces more of TSH, in order to stimulate the production of T3 and T4 thyroid gland. That is, TSH - a kind of regulator for the hormones of the thyroid gland, and its level in the blood can be upgraded or downgraded at 30 and more times. Normal levels of TSH in the blood indicates the normal function of the thyroid gland. Violation of the thyroid gland means a higher (hyperthyroidism) or decrease (hypothyroidism) produce hormones (T3, T4, TSH).

Changing the structure of the tissue of the thyroid gland occur much more frequently than violation of its functions. Iron can be increased in size, it can be generated nodes or cavity filled with a liquid (cysts). The volume of the thyroid gland more than 18 ml in women and more than 25 ml for men is estimated as the diffuse increase in cancer. Then talk about the case of diffuse toxic goiter. Diffuse - means evenly increased, without local densifications nodes. If in the enlarged your thyroid gland are determined by the nodes, then talk about the nodal Struma. Nodes can develop in a normal size of the thyroid gland. The next must-stage - definition of the cellular structure of the thyroid gland nodes. Because the nodes can consist of cells, producing hormones, and can evolve from layer of connective tissue. In the latter case, the nodes will be, and hormonal changes are not. But most importantly, the cellular study should be deleted malignant nature of the nodes, that is, cancer of the thyroid gland.

Which diseases there is violation of the thyroid gland

  • Hyperthyroidism
  • Hypothyroidism
  • Diffuse goiter
  • Nodular goiter
  • Thyroid cancer

Which doctor should I contact if there is a violation of the thyroid gland

  • Endocrinologist
  • Oncologist

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Do you feel disrupted thyroid gland? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

Disorders by category

Disorders by alphabet

Map of the symptoms and the types of disorders is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.