Система Orphus

Symptoms of disease - violation of emotions

Emotion (from the Latin emoveo - hold, unsettling) - psycho-physiological process of the internal regulation of the activities of the human or animal body, which reflects a subjective value relation to existing or possible situations or behaviour. Emotions are related to emotional processes along with the affects, from which are more lasting and less intensity, as well as senses, from which are simple: clear valence (either positive or negative) and the lack of binding to the object.

Which diseases there is violation of emotions

The classification of types of emotions in detail is given OUT. Matveev.

Positive emotions: the joy, joy, joy, enthusiasm, confidence, pride, trust, affection, admiration, love (sex) love (affection), respect, affection, gratitude (appreciation), tenderness, self-satisfaction, satisfaction, bliss, the feeling of satisfied revenge, quiet conscience, the feeling of relief, a sense of satisfaction, a sense of security, anticipation.

Neutral emotions: curiosity, surprise, surprise, indifference, quietly contemplative mood.

Negative emotions: displeasure, sorrow (sorrow), sadness, sorrow (sorrow), despair, grief, anxiety, resentment, fear, fear, fear, pity, compassion, regret, shame, anger, the feeling of insult, outrage (resentment), hatred, resentment, envy, malice, anger, sadness, boredom, jealousy, fear and uncertainty (doubt), disgust, shame, confusion, anger, contempt, disgust, disappointment, disgust, dissatisfaction with yourself, repentance, remorse, impatience, bitterness.

Syndromes strengthening of emotions (the euphoria, mania, depression). The weakening and-Blowjob emotions.
Violation of emotions manifest their strengthening, weakening or perversion.
Deterioration of emotional control is a reduction in the ability to control emotions, resulting in instability and changing manifestations of mood (euphoria can quickly turn into a depression, hostility - friendliness).
Pathological changes of feeling are expressed in their inadequacy of the stimulus, which is manifested gain, attenuation, and lack of perversion.

To a pathological strengthening of emotions include:

Euphoria - elevated mood with reckless contentment, passive joy, serene bliss, all events are painted only in the light joyful tone, life seems to be clear and beautiful - and this is often the objective is a very serious condition.

Moria is pathologically elevated mood with foolish, carelessness, a tendency to the flat, cynical and rude jokes, disinhibition instincts (often observed in the framework of dementia).

Maniakalny syndrome is characterized by a triad of symptoms: sharply elevated mood with the strengthening of positive emotions, increase in motor activity and the acceleration of thinking. Usually manifests itself against the background of intellectual integrity. Patients in a state of mania, as a rule, lively, light-hearted, laugh, sing, dance, full of high hopes, overestimate their abilities, pretentious dress up, crack jokes. Manic picture is observed, first of all, in the manic phase of manic-depressive psychosis. Allocate atypical manic States: the tangled mania - unbridled excitement, if an anger-prone mania - irritability, fault-finding, manic stupor.

When manic state the following symptoms appear, which are of great diagnostic value.

Elevated (expansive mood: state exultant mood, often infectious and exaggerated sense of physical and emotional well-being disproportionate, the circumstances of the life of the individual. There is often an element of irritability.

Increased physical activity is manifested: in restlessness, moving, purposeless movements, inability to sit or stand still, and etc.

Increased volubility: the sick man said too much, quickly, often with a loud voice, in a speech are present unnecessary words. Excessive desire to speak.

Distractibility: trivial events and stimuli, usually does not attract attention, and engross the attention of the individual and make him/her incapable of steadily hold than any attention. Reduced need for sleep.

Decrease of sleep reflects the hyperactivity of the individual. Some affective patients are being depleted, and the period of daily activity; others go to sleep in the early hours of the morning, early Wake up feeling refreshed after a brief sleep, and eager to start the next, a complete activity of the day.

Sexual incontinence: behavior, in which the individual makes sexual proposals or actions outside the framework of the social restrictions or accounting of the prevailing social conventions.

Reckless, reckless or irresponsible behaviour: behaviour, where the individual begins to extravagant or impractical enterprises, recklessly spending money or taken for doubtful enterprise, without being aware of their risks.

Increased sociability and familiarity: the loss of the feeling of distance and loss of normal social constraints, reflected in increased sociability and extreme familiarity.

Leap of ideas: a disordered form of thinking, subjectively manifested as «the pressure of thoughts». This fast, without pauses, and, due to increasing incoherence, loses its purpose and wanders far from the original topic. Often uses rhymes and puns.

Hypertrophied self-esteem: exaggerated idea of their own capabilities, possessions, greatness and superiority or self-importance.

The structure of manic syndrome (ICD - 10) is characterized by the following features:
A. Mostly elevated, expansive, irritable or suspicious mood, which is anomalous for this individual.
B. There are at least three of the following symptoms (and if the mood only exasperating, the - four), leading to a severe violation of personality functioning in everyday life:
1) increase activity or physical disturbance;
2) the increased volubility («verbal pressure»);
3) acceleration of the flow of thoughts or a subjective feeling of «the jumps of ideas»;
4) reduction of normal social control, which leads to a behavior, which is not adequately circumstances;
5) a reduced need for sleep;
6) increased self-esteem or ideas of grandeur (grandeur);
7) distractibility or permanent changes in the activities or plans;
8) a rash or reckless behavior, the effects of which patients were not aware, for example, sprees, stupid enterprise, reckless driving;
9) a marked increase sexual energy, or sexual traits.

The depressive syndrome is characterized by pronounced decrease in mood with the strengthening of negative emotions, slowness motor activity and slow thinking. The patient's condition is bad, he owns sadness, sadness, grief. Sick all day lying or sitting in one position, spontaneously in the conversation does not enter, the Association slowed answers monosyllabic, are often given with great delay. Thoughts of patients dark, hard, hopes for the future not. Longing is experienced as extremely burdensome, a physical sensation in the heart. Facial expressions mourning, the sluggish. Is characterized by thoughts of worthlessness, inferiority, may occur supervaluable ideas of self-reprimands or delusions of guilt and sinfulness with the emergence of suicidal thoughts and tendencies. Depressive experiences may be accompanied by painful phenomenon of psychic anaesthesia - painful numbness, internal devastation, the disappearance of the emotional response to the surroundings. For depressive syndrome is characterized by expressed somatic vegetative disorders in the form of violations of sleep, appetite, constipation, tachycardia, mydriasis; patients lose weight, get upset endocrine functions. Depression in adults can also be observed in the framework of the reactive psychoses and neuroses, under certain infectious and cardiovascular psychosis.

There are the following variants of depression:

1. depressive stupor - full immobility, grim daze, which can suddenly interrupted by the state of melancholy rage (raptus melancholicus),

2. delusional depression - nonsense occupies the Central place in the structure of the depressive syndrome, with the delusional disorder acquire the fantastic nature of the real immensity,

3. alarming depression - over emotion sadness prevails alarm, characteristic restlessness.

If the clinical picture in the foreground are a variety of somatic vegetative disorder, then as the typical depressive symptoms are erased or fully overlap vegetative, such depression are called masked, somatisation or hidden. Such a state of particular relevance to the endogenous depression, in particular for the depressive phase of bipolar affective disorder (manic-depressive psychosis), schizophrenia, involutional melancholy.

A great diagnostic value shall have the following symptoms of depression.

Depressive mood: low mood, which may be expressed in many ways, sorrow, suffering, with the decline of the spirit, and the inability of anything rejoice, darkness, depression, a sense of despondency and etc. This condition becomes pathological when it is continuous, is all-pervasive, painful or inadequately life circumstances of the individual.

Loss of interests: reduction or loss of interest or the feeling of pleasure in the conditions normally pleasurable activities. Some of the interests of either reduced or reduced their value to the individual. The extent of the decline should be measured in the context of the size and depth of the ordinary activities of the individual.

Loss of energy: a sense of fatigue, weakness or exhaustion. Also the feeling of loss of ability to get up and walk or loss of energy. Start it physical or intellectual, seems to be particularly difficult or even impossible.

Loss of self-confidence and self-esteem: the loss of faith in your own ability and qualifications, feeling of discomfort and failures in matters that are dependent on confidence in himself, especially in social relations. There is also a feeling of inferiority in relation to the other and even inferiority.

Unfounded reproaches to myself or a sense of guilt: the excessive concern of any act in the past, causing the sensation of pain, inadequate and uncontrolled. The individual may curse myself for some small failure or mistake that most people would not accept seriously. He realizes that the wine is exaggerated or this feeling lasts too long, but can't do anything with it. Sometimes the feeling of guilt can be due to the actions or errors, really took place. However, the feeling of guilt too great. In a more intensive form of individual distributes his own sense of guilt for everything that is going wrong in his/her environment. When the wine acquires a delusional properties, the individual feels responsible for all the sins of the world.

Suicidal thoughts or behavior: the constant thoughts of the occurrence of the harm themselves with great deliberation and planning ways to do this. The seriousness of intentions can be judged by the awareness of the individual on the case fatality rate of the method chosen, the attempts to hide the suicidal intentions and actions, indicating the confidence that an attempt will be successful, for example, a suicide note.

Difficulty thinking or concentration: the inability to think clearly. The patient concerned and complains that his/her brain is less efficient than normal. He/she is not able to take the easiest solution even on common issues, not being able to hold at the same time the necessary pieces of information in your mind. The difficulty of concentration is manifested in the inability to focus thoughts or pay attention to those items which so require.

Violations of sleep: violations of the nature of sleep, which can be shown as follows:
- periods of awakening between initial and final periods of sleep,
- early awakening after a period of night of sleep, i.e., the individual after this doesn't go to sleep again,
- violation of the sleep cycle-the waking - the individual is awake almost all night and sleeps during the day,
- hypersomnia means a condition in which the duration of sleep, for at least two hours longer than usual, representing a certain change of the usual character of sleep.

Changes in appetite and weight: reduced or increased appetite, leading to the loss or increase by 5% or more of usual body weight.

Loss of the ability to experience pleasure (anhedonia): the loss of the ability to receive pleasure from the previously pleasurable activities. Often the individual is not capable of anticipation of pleasure.

Deepening of the depression in the mornings, bad or depressed mood, which is expressed more in the early time of the day. It is characteristic, that the individual wakes up early and lay awake, feeling that he/she can't get up and meet a new day. As the day depression is reduced.

Frequent crying, with frequent periods of crying for no clear motive.
The inability to cope with the routine responsibility. Deterioration in the performance of daily activities and
the duties.

Pessimism about the future: a gloomy view of the future regardless of the actual circumstances. Personal and public Affairs may be abandoned because of a sense of hopelessness about the future. Pessimism in connection with the future might be obvious cause suicidal thoughts and actions.

The structure of the depressive syndrome in ICD - 10 characterized by the following symptoms:
- Depressed mood to a level determined, as it is clearly abnormal for the patient, represented by the almost daily and exciting most of the day, which are largely independent of the situation and has a duration of not less than two weeks;
- clear reduction of interest or pleasure in activities, which is usually pleasant for the patient;
- reduction of energy and increasing strain;
- reduction of confidence and self-esteem;
- unreasonable sense of self-condemnation or excessive or inappropriate guilt;
- recurrent thoughts of death or suicide or suicidal behavior;
- complaints and complaints on the decreasing ability of the judge or concentrate, such as hesitancy or fluctuations;
- violation of psychomotor activity with agitation or inhibition (subjectively or objectively);
- violation of the dream of any type;
- waking up in the morning for two or more hours before the usual time;
- depression heavier than in the morning;
- change in appetite (increase or decrease) with an appropriate change of weight of a body;
- a marked decrease in libido,
- amenorrhea.

To a pathological weakening of emotions include: emotional dullness or emotional impoverishment of the gradual impoverishment and the weakening of emotional reactions up to almost their complete disappearance - apathy. This greatly reduced or emotional reaction of indifference. Facial expression and voice - expressionless and at the change of subject does not have emotional reaction. This condition is also called the «flattening of the emotional reaction». Moreover, in the first place, disappear higher emotions and the most long remain the emotional reactions associated with instincts. This kind of violations of the most typical schizophrenic process and the initial conditions in patients with organic brain damage.

To distortion emotions refers parathymia. When this disorder in response to the positive stimulus a negative emotional reaction and Vice versa.

The ambivalence (or dual) emotions expressed in the simultaneous co-existence of two opposite feelings. Can manifest inadequacy of emotional reactions, as shown by the emotional response did not match the expected. The individual may laugh, discussing the sad event, and Vice versa. Depletion of non-verbal communication with the help of facial expressions. Limited use of facial expressions and eye contact with verbal communication.

Dysphoria - unmotivated, usually suddenly arising mood disorder sad-evil nature, accompanied by a dog, irritability, irascibility. These mood swings are characteristic of epilepsy.

Panic attacks: episodes engulfing alarm with sudden onset and rapid development to the highest point. Episodes usually last between a few minutes up to one hour and unpredictable, i.e. not limited to a particular situation or set of external circumstances. Other major symptoms include tremors, chest pain, feeling of suffocation, dizziness, a feeling of unreality (depersonalization and/or derealization). There is often a secondary fear of death, loss of self-control or insanity.

Vegetative anxiety: anxiety, expressed by various vegetative (autonomic) symptoms such as palpitations, humidity palms, dry mouth, dizziness, tremors of the extremities, hot or cold sweat or «hot flushes», shortness of breath, tightness or pain in the chest, difficulty in swallowing («lump in the throat»), frequent urination, ringing in the ears, the turmoil in the stomach, nausea. Accompanied by a fear - such as the fear of dying, going crazy, lose emotional control or a sense of impending a big misfortune. The feeling of unreality of objects (derealization) or feelings of detachment (depersonalization) may be present.

Emotional lability (affective incontinence, sensual instability) is expressed in the increased affectivity, irritability, temper. The miserable excuse can cause the patient stormy sensual reaction with vegetative-motor component and aggression. Such a violation of the emotions are observed in the injuries of brain, psychopathy.

Emotional pusilanimidad or emotional weakness - in fact incontinence emotions, when any, even insignificant reason easily provoke emotion and tears. However, such an affect easily gives way to the opposite. The patient may cry when some little memory and then laugh, remembering something funny, even though the tears have not yet dry on the eyes. Such an emotional violation of the very characteristic for patients with atherosclerosis of the brain, for asthenic States.

Which doctor should I contact if there is a violation of emotions

  • Psychiatrist

Are you experiencing violation of emotions? You want to know more detailed information, or you need an inspection? Please sign up on reception to the doctor! Doctors will examine you, examine the external signs and help to determine the disease the symptoms, they will consult you and provide the necessary assistance. You can also call the doctor on the house.

Do you feel disrupted emotions? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

Disorders by category

Disorders by alphabet

Map of the symptoms and the types of disorders is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.