Система Orphus

Symptoms of disease - violation of the emotional sphere

Emotions - reactions in the form of subjectively colored experiences of the individual, reflecting the importance to him of acting stimulant or the result of their own actions.

Emotions are closely linked with all the vital functions of the organism. Anokhin (1968) points out that the vital needs of the person are inseparable from the emotional tone. Emotions give to a certain biological quality of its behavior, is the source of the activity, the satisfaction of the needs. Emotions reflect the subjective attitude of the person to the environment and to his identity. The emotional experience of contributing to the formation of identity, its socio-psychological orientation.

Distinguish higher (social) and lower (protozoa) emotions. Higher emotions manifest themselves in patriotism, partnership, friendship, in the labour valour, in the sense of duty to the Motherland and society. Lower emotions arise as a result of satisfaction or dissatisfaction with the organic human needs (hunger, thirst, sexual desire).

Emotions can be positive (nice) and negative (unpleasant), strong and weak. Relatively stable emotional state is called the mood.
Of various mental diseases can often be observed violation of the emotional condition of the patient. This is manifested in the form of depression, euphoria, dysphoria, pusilanimidad, emotional dullness, etc.



Which diseases there is violation of the emotional sphere

Among the emotional manifestations include:
1) emotional state; 2) emotional reactions; 3) emotional relationships. Violations may relate to any of the mentioned groups of phenomena.

Emotional States. When people talk about the emotional States, have in mind a certain nervous-mental tone, has been continuing for a long time. The emotional States should, first of all, include the person's mood, which, in General, neutral, but which has a certain shade of expressing the presence of comfort or discomfort in the body. In normal mood is characterized by fluctuations in connection with the numerous impressions and experiences of the person. In case of pathology mood can be dramatically changed in the direction of its increase or decrease; it can undergo sudden changes or be monotonous for a long time, as well as inadequate, not the appropriate environment, physical or mental condition of the person. Change the emotional state can act as the host of symptoms, breaking the focus of the mental activity and leading the patient to disability.

Mood enhancement as the main symptom is observed in the manic state. Cheerful mood and joyful perception of the world persist for days, weeks and even months. Patients feel happy, full of strength and energy, physical disorders and diseases are ignored, surrounding it seems interesting, patients in the whole course of events, lively, active.

One of the variants of heightened mood is euphoria. Increased mood when euphoria usually does not reach the extent fizzy over the edge of humor (as it happens in manic patients). Complacency and carelessness do not correspond to the plight of the helpless patients with memory disorders and dementia patients, suffering from organic weakly diseases (progressive paralysis, vascular lesion of Central nervous system). In the acute period of severe myocardial infarction (usually transmural) from dying of tuberculosis of the lungs with euphoria increased mood contrasts with the severity of the General condition. Euphoria is characteristic also for the state of intoxication (alcohol, drugs).

Low mood is typical for depressions. Main feature is the feeling of sadness, sometimes so painful and unbearable that patients fucking suicide. Feeling of sadness takes sometimes pronounced: patients say about spiritual pain, severity of the soul, or even on the heart, in the chest.

In severe depression, especially in the later age, under the influence of any external stimuli (injections, attempts to examine the sick, etc.) dreariness can suddenly worsen: the heavy melancholic excitement, often reaching extent of melancholy madness.

Apathy - empty emotional state, complete indifference to everything, emotional dullness is deficient symptom. Apathy is typical for the schizophrenic process, occurs when the total organic stupidity.

Status dysphoria - periods of altered mood, irritability, malignity, dissatisfaction with yourself and others, explosiveness, a tendency to aggressive and destructive actions. Such conditions can be filled not only negative, but also positive emotions. Dysphoria are equivalent to large convulsive seizures of epilepsy, are also observed in patients with alcoholism, drug addiction in the state of abstinence, when psychoorganic syndrome.

Pusilanimidad - emotional weakness, instability in the sphere of feelings. The condition is characterized by constant mood-swings, arising on the matter of no importance; the increased tearfulness, and when lifting mood - sentimentality. Is observed by vascular lesion of the brain, with somatogenic fatigue.

Confusion - a state of bewilderment, accompanying the development of acute disorders of psychic activity in violation of consciousness and the subject of consciousness. The most bright confusion is presented in patients with schizophrenia in the development of symptoms in the direction of oneiric a darkening of consciousness.
Emotional reactions and emotional responses to biologically or socially significant stimuli.

In contrast to the mood of the emotional reaction is always specific. Emotional reactions differ also the short-term and more intensity in comparison with emotional States. At the end of emotional response again, the man returns to the permanent for his emotional state. Affect short - term strong emotions, which is accompanied not only by a strong emotional reaction, but also the excitement of all the mental activities.

In particular manifestations of emotions share on the physiological and pathological.
When physiological affect emotional response on the force corresponds to the irritant, may exceed it and be accompanied by some narrowing of consciousness at a height of reaction, but without a loss of control over the behavior and the preservation of memories of the events of the period.

Pathological affect - emotiogenic developing acute short-term disorder of psychic activity, during which the person is not able to govern their actions, to understand them wrong, and subsequently responsible for the acts committed in this state of the offence (up to murder). The propensity to affective reactions reveal the psychopathic personality round excitable, the persons, who suffered a traumatic brain injury, suffering from epilepsy, alcoholism, drug addiction.

Depression - affective state that is characterized by negative emotional background, the change of motivational sphere, cognitive representations and the General passivity of conduct.
Emotional relationships - emotional selectivity, stable relationship emotions with certain events, people or objects. A sharp change of the emotional relationship, for example, in connection with the loss of a loved one can be a source of painful conditions - neuroses and reactive psychoses.



Which doctor should I contact if there is a violation of the emotional sphere

  • Psychologist
  • Psychiatrist


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Do you feel disrupted emotional sphere? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

Disorders by category

Disorders by alphabet


Map of the symptoms and the types of disorders is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.