Система Orphus

Symptoms of disease - violation of the brain

Miningeal syndrome

Includes a combination of symptoms such lesions of the brain, as headache, vomiting, stiffness in the cervical and lumbar muscles, Kerning's symptoms (impossibility of full extension of the legs at the knee after pre-bend the legs at an angle of pelvis-hip and knee joints) and Brudzinski (with passive bending the head to the breast of the patient lying on his back, is a reflex bending the legs at the knee and hip joints), and the little children Lessage's syndrome hanging (in the lifting of the child at the hands of his feet remain bent at the knee and hip joints). Miningeal syndrome develops in meningitis, subarachnoid or parenchymatous hemorrhage, abscess of the brain, brain edema.
Headache is the most conspicuous manifestation of the defeat of the cerebral membranes. Headache caused by an inflammatory process, in contrast to the subarahnoidalnogo bleeding develops gradually increase it lasts for a few hours or days. The pain is in the nature of “expander" is felt all over the head or mainly in the frontal, temporal or occipital departments. Often the pain spreads to the neck, accompanied by photophobia, increases with the movement of his head.
It should be remembered that the older persons, and children up to 3 months miningeal syndrome expressed slightly. The children can identify additional sign - vbuhanie rodnicka of the skull as a consequence of hypersecretion CSF.


Meningitis - an acute infectious disease with a primary lesion of the cerebral membranes. Distinguish primary and secondary meningitis. Depending on the nature of the inflammatory process in the membranes of the brain distinguish purulent and serous meningitis.
Purulent meningitis, a group of diseases with predominant lesion of the brain membrane of the bacterial nature.
The primary purulent meningitis include meningococcal epidemic cerebrospinal meningitis.
The disease begins with a sudden deterioration of the General condition, headache, fever, chills. Early arise meningeal symptoms. Quickly coming violation of consciousness, accompanied by often psychomotor agitation, hallucinations, convulsions. Cerebrospinal fluid is cloudy, sharply increased neutrophilic cytosis.

Brain tumor

Headache that occurs when a tumor of the brain, due to increased intracranial pressure, compression or tension Dura and blood vessels.
Headache may be paroxysmal, especially worried about the night or the early morning. Gradually headache is growing in intensity and becomes all the more long, acquiring a permanent character. The pain intensified under any circumstances, lead to increased intracranial pressure: the physical stress, anxiety, coughing, sneezing, etc. The intensity of the headache may depend on the situation of the patient, grow when lying down on one side and decrease in a certain position, do not always regular, for example, when the situation on the bed with his head down.
Patients describe the pain as expander, - rending. At the height of attack they are clutching at his head, screaming, moaning, or sit in a certain position.
Increased intracranial pressure is accompanied, in addition to headache, vomiting, especially in the morning, congestive phenomena, as identified in the study of the fundus, sometimes a change of mentality, the development of the state stupefaction, hallucinations, delirium.
In tumors of the posterior cranial fossa, especially in tumors of the IV ventricle, develop bouts of sudden headache, accompanied by nausea or vomiting, dizziness, disorder of respiratory or cardiac activity. The pain intensified when trying to change the position of the head. As a result of the infringement of the medulla oblongata due to the pressure on him cerebellar tonsils, wedge in the occipital foramen, develops occlusive-hypertensive kriz with respiratory failure and vasomotor disorders.
In tumors supratentorial localization, often the temporal lobe, and can arise temporo-tentorial penetration, manifesting symptoms of increasing intracranial pressure, a sharp increase headache, accompanied by vomiting, coupled with signs of pressure and deformation of the middle cerebral palsy: look up, the reduction of the reaction of pupils on light, the disorder is convergence, anisocoria, put their head back, hearing, vegetovascular disorders, bilateral pathological signs, increase of the tendon reflexes.

Subarachnoid hemorrhage

Most often subarachnoid hemorrhage is caused by intracranial aneurysms, located mainly on the basis of the brain. Subarachnoid hemorrhage can be one of the components of severe cranial trauma. Less often it is due to hypertension and diseases of the blood.
In the clinical picture of the disease prevails syndrome irritation of the meninges: headache, vomiting, stiffness in the muscles of the neck, Kernig's symptoms, Brudzinski, often agitation. In some cases, develops an epileptic fit. Headache occurs quickly becomes generalized and spreads to the neck and back. Pain in the back and legs may occur within a few hours or days after bleeding as a result of irritation of the izlivsheysya the blood of the roots of the lumbar-sacral nerves. Sometimes already in the first hours after stroke in the fundus can be found bleeding in the retina or stagnant Breasts.

Thrombosis of sines Dura

Occurs when there is an in an organism of purulent foci (mastoiditis, otitis media, cellulitis orbit, furunculosis).
Develop fever with chills, headache, vomiting, aetiology, meningeal and focal symptoms depending on the localization process. In the cavernous sinus thrombosis are exophthalmos, swelling of the veins and the conjunctiva, the root of the nose, oculomotor paralysis of muscles, pain in the area of innervation of the first branch of the trigeminal nerve.
Under tromboze cross-sinus - swelling in the mastoid process, pain when turning heads in a healthy way, sometimes double vision, soporous state.
Thrombosis of the upper sagittal sinus accompanied by appearance epileptic seizures, hemi - and paraplegia, soporous state, turning into a coma. In part such cases when a lumbar puncture receive bloody cerebrospinal fluid. The possibility of thrombophlebitis of the cerebral veins must be borne in mind in case of cerebral symptoms in mothers and maternity cases.

Acute encephalitis

The disease develops after the tick bite, accompanied by severe headache or vomiting. In connection with the defeat of the grey matter of the brain and cervical spinal cord on the background of general infectious symptoms arise rough bulbar violations and flaccid paralysis of the neck and upper limbs.
Typhous encephalitis is characterized by severe headache, delirium, agitation, meningeal symptoms, rash on the skin of the trunk and flexor surfaces of the hands.
Hemorrhagic encephalitis includes a group of brain lesions infectious, allergic, dysmetabolic and toxic Genesis.
The disease manifests sharp headache, nausea, vomiting, the emergence of the focal characters, dimming consciousness.
Necrotizing encephalitis caused by the virus herpes simplex is a rare hard progressing disease. Is characterized by acute onset, development of coma, hyperthermia, convulsions, locomotive disorders in the form of hemiparesis or hemiplegia and other neurological symptoms indicative of a severe defeat of the substance of the brain.

Which diseases there is violation of the brain

  • Meningeal syndrome
  • Meningitis
  • Brain tumor
  • Acute encephalitis
  • Thrombosis of sines Dura
  • Subarachnoid hemorrhage

Which doctor should I contact if there is a violation of the brain

  • Oncologist
  • Neurologist

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Do you feel disrupted brain? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

Disorders by category

Disorders by alphabet

Map of the symptoms and the types of disorders is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.