Система Orphus

Symptoms of disease - violation of microflora of the vagina

Dysbiosis of vagina is a breach of the normal microflora of the vagina. The disease, to one degree or another suffers the most part of women. Most of his minor, but sometimes dysbiosis of vagina leads to very serious problems.

Just say a couple of words about the different terms that are used to indicate the disease.
Vaginal dysbiosis of, or dysbiosis of (goiter) of the vagina - this is the most accurate term, he was transferred as a violation of the microflora of the vagina. However, it is used relatively rarely.

Often to determine the disease resort to the name of the "bacterial vaginosis", this term means the same thing. However, the term "bacterial vaginosis" many doctors used to denote gardnerelleza - the particular case of dysbiosis of vagina. Therefore, the use of this term is not always possible to be sure, what exactly you have in mind.

Most often, any manifestation of violation of the microflora of the vagina is called the "candidiasis" or "a thrush". It is not well-founded. Candidiasis or thrush - the name of only one type of infringement of the microflora of the vagina, the predominance of the fungi of the genus Candida. And it occurs not so often. However, traditionally, women, and many doctors call "a thrush" any discharge from the vagina, really do not understand their nature.

Which diseases there is violation of microflora of the vagina

Causes of vaginal microflora there are a great many. Hardly any effect on the body, women may lead to a breach of microflora. We list only some of the factors.

1. Temperature of the body. As a single strong hypothermia, and also permanent freeze. All this leads to a decrease in General and local immunity, which affects the vaginal microflora.
2. Changes and violations of hormonal background. This may include irregular sexual life, pregnancy, childbirth, abortion, any of the breaches of the cycle, puberty, subclimax and menopause, etc.
3. The change of the climate zone. I had not heard for acute dysbiosis of vagina during travel to warm countries.
4. Stress, as a single lot of stress, and chronic stressful situation.
A chaotic sexual life, the high number of sexual partners, neglect of the means of contraception.
5. Any infectious-inflammatory diseases of the small pelvis.
6. Sexually transmitted infections.
7. Treatment with antibiotics, especially prolonged or repeated.
8. Bowel disease, chronic problems with a chair, a dysbacteriosis of the intestine. The microflora of the vagina is very closely related to intestinal microflora, it more about this, go ahead.
9. Improper use of tampons during menstruation. Few of the women know that tampons should be changed strictly every 2 hours, day and night. This is quite embarrassing, but otherwise in the vagina are created good conditions for the growth of the infection. When using pads such problems do not arise.

Of course, all these factors lead to a violation of the microflora of the vagina far not always. The immune system supports the normal microflora, and helps her recover in the case of minor violations. However, all of these factors, there are so many of them so often, that in the majority of cases, dysbiosis of vagina of the woman still developing.

Symptoms of vaginal microflora

What is the essence of the violation of the microflora of the vagina? In the norm in the vagina in women inhabit the so-called normal microflora. It is about 90% of lactobacilli (the so-called sticks Dederleyna), slightly less than 10% of bifidobacteria, and less than 1% are the so-called "key cells of the vagina". These include gardnerella, mobilunkus, mushrooms kind Candida, leptothrix and some other bacteria.

The normal microflora of the vagina is in constant equilibrium between themselves and with the environment. It does not allow for the emergence of any other infection, and does not allow a change in the relationship of pathogens, living in the vagina in the norm.

The whole picture is actively supported by the immune system of the vaginal wall. Immunity has no effect on the natural inhabitants of the vagina, but behaves aggressively in relation to any other infection. It is the immune system contributes to the restoration of normal microflora of the vagina with her minor violations. But copes with this task it is not always.

In violation of the microflora of the vagina changes the balance between bacteria are normal inhabitants of the vagina. It reduces the number of lacto - and bifidobacteria and the increasing number of some other pathogen. These other causative agent can be one of the key cells (then develop Gardnerella vaginitis, candidiasis, etc.), can be one of genital infections (trichomoniasis, chlamydia), or it can be any saprophytic exciter (Escherichia coli, Proteus, Streptococcus, Staphylococcus, etc.).

If normal inhabitants of the vagina never behave aggressively in relation to the walls of the vagina, any of the bacteria, leading to the development of dysbiosis, can cause inflammation of the vagina - vaginitis. When this happens depends on the number of and pathogenicity of the pathogen on the one hand and the powers of the immune system of the walls of the vagina with the other. As a rule, at the beginning of the immunity of copes and permits neither of disease progression or development of its complications. But in the absence of a competent treatment of the development of inflammation in such a situation is inevitable.

Pregnancy and violation of the microflora of the vagina

Pregnancy is one of the factors that can provoke exacerbation of the vaginal of dysbiosis. On the background of pregnancy may appear or worsen discharge, itching or burning sensation in the genitals, pain during sexual intercourse, etc. This is due to the fact that during pregnancy a woman's body is exposed to serious hormonal restructuring, which can not but affect how on state immunity and the vaginal microflora.

Full treatment of dysbiosis of vagina during pregnancy it is not possible. Even if this treatment is not associated with the reception of antibiotics, which is highly undesirable during pregnancy, it is always associated with immunotherapy, and it is during pregnancy is absolutely unacceptable. Therefore, the task of the doctors in the treatment of dysbiosis of vagina pregnant women is only address the symptoms and prepare women for childbirth.

In our clinic for this purpose is the course of procedures, which if not normalize the situation, then make it more bearable. Local treatment administered in this case, it is harmless to the fetus.

The development of violations of the microflora of the vagina

Originally violation of the microflora of the vagina does not particularly manifests itself. As a rule, a little changed the nature of the discharge from the vagina, but rarely draws attention to this.
In the norm of the woman or not should be no discharge from the vagina, or it may be a small number of transparent discharge without the unpleasant smell. There shall be no pain, burning, itching, pain in the genital area and discomfort and dryness during sexual intercourse.
With the development of dysbiosis of vagina number of discharges usually increase and they become whitish-yellowish color, a unpleasant smell. More than any symptoms of vaginal bacteria overgrowth in itself is not shown, all the other symptoms associated with already its complications.

Violation of the microflora of the vagina girls

Violation of the microflora of the vagina is common in girls who have not started their sex life, with approximately the same frequency as that of living an active sex lives of women. This is connected with several other factors - instability of hormonal background, the establishment of a cycle, as well as with the anatomical peculiarities of structure hymen.

Dysbiosis of vagina in girls rarely increased discharge, since holes hymen as a rule do not allow them to be derived from the vagina to the quantities in which they are formed. Therefore, develops a stagnation of the secretions of the vagina, and the probability of inflammatory diseases of the virgins to rape above. On the other hand, at the beginning of sexual life with the first sexual acts is throwing a large number of bacteria from the vagina, bladder, and this may lead to a so-called "honeymoon cystitis".

Treatment of dysbiosis of vagina in girls-virgins to rape little difficult due to the fact that the structure of hymen not always allows to carry out processing of the vagina medicines properly. In some cases even have to resort to artificial disturbance of the integrity of the hymen - hymenectomy.

Violation of the microflora of the vagina and genital infections

Genital infections are always connected with the violation of the microflora of the vagina. On the one hand, the normal microflora not tolerate the development of sexual infection in women, and if there is a sexual infection, microflora can not be broken. On the other hand, the emergence of the causative agent of STDs in the vagina shifts the pH, causes an inflammatory reaction and further contribute to the progression of violations of microflora.

The situation in which the vagina of a woman is confined only one agent of STDs, almost never occurs. Sex infection, one or more, are always in Association with conditional-pathogenic microflora. And this should always be taken into account in the treatment of STDs. Otherwise the situation may arise in which antibiotics completely killed the causative agent of STDs, and the number of conditionally pathogenic infection is growing.

Treatment of sexually transmitted infections in women must be terminated with the recovery of the microflora of the vagina. If we are talking about serious infections (chlamydia, trichomonads) or more STDs, first there is a sense to hold antibacterial therapy against them, and then engage in the restoration of microflora of the vagina as a course. In less complex situations, there is the reason to hold the first comprehensive diagnostics of the urogenital microflora, and then restore it with the simultaneous elimination of the sexual infection.

Which doctor should I contact if there is a violation of microflora of the vagina

  • Gynaecologist

Are you experiencing violation of microflora of the vagina? You want to know more detailed information, or you need an inspection? Please sign up on reception to the doctor! Doctors will examine you, examine the external signs and help to determine the disease the symptoms, they will consult you and provide the necessary assistance. You can also call the doctor on the house.

Do you feel disrupted microflora of the vagina? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

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Map of the symptoms and the types of disorders is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.