Система Orphus

Symptoms of disease - pain in the bones

Pain in the bones and joints may be due to many reasons, infection, metabolic disturbances, youth epiphysiolysis, avascular necrosis of bone, allergies, etc. Currently, diseases of the bones and joints are combined in a single group of rheumatic diseases, which are represented by a large number of nosological forms (more than 100 names), uniting diseases of inflammatory and dystrophic character. The Committee of experts who 2000-2010 declared the decade of the diseases of the bones and joints.

Which diseases there is pain in the bones

1. Pain in the bones (bone pain) and joints may be associated with overtraining doing sports, with a change of weather conditions or for any other reason.

2. Tumors of the bone, in which the most characteristic symptoms of pain in the bones. In most of the time with the symptoms become more severe. Initially, the pain in the bones may be present either at night, or during the activity. Depending on the speed of growth of the tumor, patients may be symptoms within a few weeks, months, or years before they seek medical help. In some cases, the tumor may be felt as to the bone, and in the tissues around the bones. This is the most typical for the histiocytoma or fibrosarcoma, but may accompany and other tumors of the bone. Bones may weaken due to the presence of tumors, which leads to fractures after a minor injury or even without them, as well as from simply relying on the affected bones. May be symptoms such as fever, chills, night sweats and weight loss, but they are less common. These common symptoms appear after the spread of the cancer to other tissues of the body.

3. Pain in the bones is often a sign of diseases of the blood system. Painful sensations can occur spontaneously, but must be identified effleurage on a bone. These features are typical for diseases of the bone marrow transplantation, acute leukemia, chronic myeloleucosis, eritremia, mielomna disease.

- A disease mielomnaya - malignant tumor of the bone marrow. Election localization: the spine, flat bones, the bones of the pelvis, ribs. Men suffer more often at the age of 50-70 years. Is characterized by a long asymptomatic period (5-10-15 years), after which increased ESR, there is a proteinuria, paraproteinaemia.
For mielomna disease is characterized by: the pain in the bones, pathological fractures, compression fractures of the vertebrae (XP radiculitis, compression of the spinal cord), gipercalziemia.

- For acute leukemia characterized by: General weakness, fatiguability, the undefined the pain in the bones, inconstant subfebrile, the increase in peripheral lymph nodes, spleen.

For chronic myeloid leukemia is characterized by the following symptoms: weakness, pain in the bones, sweating, increased liver and spleen, complications of infectious processes.

- For Hodgkin's lymphoma characterized by: painless enlarged lymph nodes of the neck, armpit or groin; persistent fever; fatigue; unexplained weight loss; skin itching or rash;
a small area of skin, pain in the bones; a tumor in the abdominal cavity; enlarged liver or spleen.

4. Malignant tumors:
- For melanoma is characterized by: skin changes, changes warts, bumps on the skin, including changes in the size, shape, color, and texture, bleeding.

- Pain in the bones and joints may be as a result of the treatment of breast cancer and reception of medicines, the source of which is not a tumor, or as a result of metastatic spread of cancer to the bone.

5. Infectious diseases:
- Pain in the bones of the legs is especially strong when syphilis and disturb the patient usually at night.

- Pain in the bones of the legs, combined with intermittent bouts of fever, chills, heavy sweating, pathognomonic for Volyn fever, which received the name of the t-biological, 5-day or trench fever, transmitted wardrobes lice.

- With the chronic form of a benign lymphoreticulosis (a disease of the cat's scratching) it is possible degloving headache, there is also a pain in the places of attachment of tendons to the bones, pain in the auricles, sometimes perichondritis and chondrite.

- Pain in the bones is typical for tuberculosis of the bones more often localized in the vertebrae and is, as a rule, the result of the dissemination of TB infection from the old lesions, most often the lungs.

- Osteomyelitis is hematogenous character, is accompanied by fever, pain in the bones, changes in the blood (anemia, leukocytosis). Suspected osteomyelitis may be based on anamnesticeskih guidance on traumatic episodes preceding the development of clinical symptoms.

6. Metabolic bone disease is always a result of violations of education or resorption of bone tissue, which leads to the main symptom is pain in the bones. The possible causes of these violations:
- Deficit of mineral substances in food, a violation of their absorption in the intestine, or violation of their capture of bone tissue.
- Deficiency or violation of metabolism of vitamin D.
Pain in the bones of the legs during walking and back can be a sign of osteomalacia (softening of the bones) - a lack of vitamin D, which weakens the bones and can sometimes be mistaken for osteoporosis. Even if your body has a sufficient amount of calcium, it needs vitamin D to build bones or maintain their status. The deficit of vitamin D most likely in people who consume little milk, suffer from diseases of the kidneys, liver, or diabetes, take anticonvulsant drugs or are rarely on the sun.
Deficiency of thiamine, or vitamin B1, is accompanied, along with the other symptoms, a sense of stinging and tingling in the feet and calves and muscle cramps in the legs. The cause of the pain is in the fact, that without thiamine nerves in the soles of the feet and hands begin to deteriorate and eventually may die. With the lack of other b vitamins in the nerves can develop false painful «flash», and the pain in a compression of the surrounding tendons or bones.
Of course, these same nerve diseases can be caused by other reasons, first of all, alcohol abuse, diabetes and monotonous movements. However, some doctors believe that even in the case when the problem is not connected with insufficient food, some multivitamins group In may be useful.

Excess secretion of parathormone, PTH or cortisol.
Parathyroid osteodystrophy, generalized osteodystrophy, generalized fibrous cystic osteodystrophy. Hormonal activity tumor of the parathyroid, causing dystrophy of bone tissue. In the basis of the bone loss is dystrophic process, associated with the violation of mineral metabolism. These changes disappear after removal of tumors of the parathyroid. Affects women in the age of 30-40 years. Tumor develops in one of the parathyroid glands, it is often atypical location (behind the breastbone). Hormonal activity adenomas different, which leads to the different intensity of the manifestations of the disease. In the early stages of a note uncertain bone pain, muscle weakness, fatigue, headache. Later observed loss of appetite, nausea, pain in the abdomen, may be persistent diarrhea. Sometimes in the forefront of the symptoms of nephrolithiasis. Found various deformations of the bones: thickening, tuberosity or distortions that lead to shortening limbs and claudication. In some cases, the clinical manifestations begin with pathologic fracture. Subsequent fractures can proceed smoothly.

- The effects of medicines, including hormones.

Long - term immobility or a lack of physical activity, slowing the formation of bone tissue.

Age - the oppression of the osteoblasts.

- The birth of the synthesis of collagen.

The disease Paget's disease (deforming osteitis) is characterized by the local lesions of the skeleton and is caused by violations of the bone remodeling Thani. When this happens increased resorption osteoclasts and compensatory increased formation of new bone tissue. Processes of resorption and neoplasms lead to a breach of the architectonics of bone tissue. The main clinical manifestations of Paget's disease of the disease are the following:
- pain in the affected bones;
- bone deformation (the lower extremities, spine);
- secondary osteoarthritis;
- fractures;
- neurological disorders (compression neuropathy, hearing loss, dizziness);
- x-ray signs (reconstruction of bone pattern, deformation, thickening of the affected departments of the bones);
- increase of activity of alkaline phosphatase in the blood.

Which doctor should I contact if there is a pain in the bones

  • Oncologist
  • Hematologist
  • Traumatologist
  • Rheumatologist
  • Endocrinologist

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Do you feel bones hurts? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

Pains by category

Pains by alphabet

Map of the symptoms and the types of pain is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.