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Symptoms of disease - pain in the muscles after a workout

Many believe that the pain in the muscles after a workout - it is always great. In fact, everything is not so great and not so easy as you think. Because the pain is different: «good» and «bad». It may be due to the fact that you are really a full line of work - but often the pain signals to injuries of muscles and joints.

Good side of pain
In fitness, there are two types of natural and therefore safe for the health of the pain. Firstly, it's a pain in the muscle in the implementation of the latter and is usually the most severe of repetitions of the exercise. It is caused by the accumulation of lactic acid in muscle. Secondly, this muscle pain, which comes much later, on vacation. In medical language it is called delayed muscle pain (ZMB).

Which diseases there is pain in the muscles after a workout

1. The accumulation of lactic acid
Lactic acid is a by - product of the physiological processes, which are going on in exercise muscle. With each repetition makes her all the more. But in the end Seth makes her so much that she was a «burning» pain receptors and is a feeling that is very similar to a burning sensation. The further, the more powerful it is. Scientific studies have shown that the accumulation of lactic acid in the muscle itself secure. Once you have postponed sports equipment in the blood almost instantly removes lactic acid from the muscles, and she is in General the bloodstream. Total acidity of the blood increases, and this is stimulating and rejuvenating effect on the whole organism.
Fear that pain is not necessary, but deliberately and bring the matter to cry there is no need - there is no sense.

2. Delayed muscle pain (ZMB)
Delayed muscle pain is always there, if you give yourself a unaccustomed physical strain. In this sense, delaying the pain - the case of standard not only for beginners. It can not be avoided, if you are studying new exercises, return to half-forgotten complexes, increase the intensity, duration or frequency of the training - in a word, if you exercise correctly, according to science.
This pain is caused by the emergence of microscopic tears in the muscle fibers. Such micro breaks are tiny wounds. Hence comes the pain. Microscopic lead the organism strengthen its internal safety of the force - it passes active secretion of hormones that stimulate the healing and suppressing the inflammation. The muscle increases the division of the protein cells, just like the nick of the skin. In the end, muscle adds their volume and weight.

It is curious, that process spreads to the whole body, the blood carries hormones throughout the body. Faster grow hair and nails, skin, too, is updated faster. An important question: if this pain is accompanied by growth of muscles, then should it occur after each workout? And can we call workout without ZMB bad? In fact, the syndrome of ZMB eventually weakens. After 3-4 training even just a new exercise does not cause pain in the muscles, but this does not mean that exercise has not worked. Nevertheless, a training program should not practise for a period of 2 months. Well, if you changed the complex, and the pain is still there, it is a sure sign that the intensity of the exercises is too small.

3. The injury. And they all have different degree of severity. There are fractures, sprains, inflammation of the joint bags, bursitis, etc. According to statistics of fitness it is the most secure sport. There are no accidents, as in motorcycle racing. However, injuries happen. Where did they come from? The first and the only reason - a lack of caution. Let's say you gave up on warm-up hand and immediately took up the heavy exercise. Trauma, guaranteed! It happens that the injury provoke simulators, again due to negligence. You sat down in the simulator, feel it you uncomfortable, but still continue to exercise. Your joints are «wrong» load, and this is the real precondition to injury. Fatal importance is the training regime. Thoughtlessly big load, lack of rest also lead to personal injury.

Acute pain caused by injury
How do you know what caused the pain - injury or banal muscle fatigue? Here are the typical signs of trauma. When injury pain aching, stinging. Sometimes when the motion of the limbs is pain backache. Sometimes in the place of the injury arises tumor or a bruise. If during the exercise you hear the clicks or crunch in the joint, the alert. This precursors nearest injury.

4. Overtraining.
If the muscle is not time to heal mikrotravma, regular training will frankly harmful. And if such «harmful» of training will accumulate more than a dozen, the overtraining is a state of physical exhaustion. It is accompanied by a decline in immunity, and because the overworked joints arise foci of inflammation. At the same time falls hormone secretion, and together with it reduces the strength of tendons and joint tissues. Before the injury hand.

An important sign of overtraining is wandering phantom pains in the joints and muscles. Unpleasant, acting on the nerves of the pain occurs within one or two hours after a workout, and she comes and out, as she likes, without any external cause. Here it is necessary to immediately take measures sharply reset the intensity of training. If the pain does not pass, leave the training for 2-3 weeks.

Good pain is to love - there is simply no other way out. As for the bad pain, then it is easier to prevent than cure. Unfortunately, the treatment of injuries of the bone-ligament apparatus is complex and protracted character. The injured limb cannot be loaded, so that the trainings, alas, have to throw. To the same injury rarely treated to the end. Then occur relapses, and a course of treatment begins again.
The first thing tell me with a resounding «no»! his impatience. Each of us wants to fulfill the dream quickly, however, our body is able to «digest» not all physical load. Practice in the measure, increasing the intensity of training according to the growth of endurance and strength. Ignoring the warm-up, unnecessary repetition, sets and exercises - all it is, rather, will cause you to injury than the record. Particular care needs to be the one who comes in the fitness centre after many years of physical inactivity. Without hesitation the beckon to his instructor, and he shall check the correctness of your exercises, which you yourself seem inconvenient. If with all equipment in good order, but the exercise will still cause discomfort in the spine or joints, delete it from your workout. You may prevent accumulated slouch or individual features of the skeleton.
To what doctors consult, if there is pain in the muscles after the workout:

Doctor of sports medicine
pain in the muscles of the hand -
The muscles of his arm fall into the muscles of the girdle, shoulder and hand. Muscles girdle: deltoid muscle starts a wide aponeurosis of the clavicle, scapula region and acromial cutting blades and is attached to the upper edge of the shoulder bone. Cutting, removes her hand from his body up to the horizontal line.

Shovel cover supraspinatus and infraspinatus muscles. Both muscles cover the back of the shoulder-blades; a wide aponeurosis they are attached along the edge of the blades and ends at a large mound shoulder bone. Big hump shoulder bone turned outwards and muscles to him, clip-on, turning his shoulder outwards. On the front side, i.e., from the other side, which is addressed to the ribs, shoulder-blade is covered with subscapular muscle. It is attached to a small hill shoulder bone, and subtracting turns his shoulder inside. Subscapular, infraspinatus and supraspinatus muscles help of big and small round muscles.

Big round muscle is attached to a small hill and along with subscapular turns his shoulder inside and unbend it, and the little round is attached to a large hill and along with infraspinatus turns his shoulder outwards. Both muscles begin at the angle of the scapula. Bend the arm and leads him to the body of rostral-shoulder muscle, going from rostral process of the scapula in the middle of the shoulder.

The movement of the elbow joint i.e., the bending and unbending, run the following muscles. Unbend the elbow three-headed muscle. It begins with three heads. The first head begins in the bag articular surface of the blade, the second and third begin on the shoulder bone; attached three-headed muscle to elbow branch and lies on the rear surface of the shoulder. Subtracting unbend the arm and leads her shoulder.

Flexion of the elbow is biceps and inside shoulder muscles. Bicephalous muscle begins two heads. The first begins in the bag from the articular surface of the blade front, the second - from rostral cutting blades. Is this muscle on the front of the upper arm and attached under the head of x-ray bones; she bends forearm, helps to rotate the arm of the hand up and raises his shoulder. Under it is more than a short - inside shoulder muscle. It begins under the deltoid muscle on both sides of the shoulder bone and attached to coronal branch ulna.

The shoulder muscles: supraspinatus, infraspinatus, small and big round and subscapularis preside over the movements of the shoulder and keep it from dislocation. Especially important in this respect muscle supraspinatus, short and strong, down on his shoulder into the deltoid muscle.

In the interval between the biceps and triceps muscles lie: humeral artery, and the shoulder of Vienna, deep lymphatic vessels and nerves. All large vessels are lying in the inner groove, separating the double-headed from triceps muscles. The outer groove is less deep, it goes outside the shoulder of Vienna.

Myalgia (myalgia; Greek mys, myos muscle + algos pain) - spontaneous or induced by palpation of the pain in the muscles.

Pain in the muscles of the arms found in many diseases. Pathogenetically pain in the muscles of the hands of the link with the violation of the permeability of the membrane of muscle cells, swelling or inflammatory changes of muscles. Pain in the muscles of the hands can occur in healthy people after heavy physical (unusual) work or when overtraining in athletes. In these cases often are marked moderate swelling and tightness subjected to an overload of muscles.

When no disease occurs pain in the muscles of the hand:

Causes of pain in the muscles of the hand:

- Pain in the muscles of the hand may be an initial manifestation of polymyositis in which to further develop muscle weakness, mainly in the proximal regions of hands, and moderate wasting of the muscles. Known rheumatic polymyalgia, which is characterized by pain and tension in the beginning of muscles of neck, shoulder, and then spreading to the muscles of the pelvic girdle and lower extremities.

- Often a pain in the muscles of the hands occurs with other infectious diseases, in particular of the flu, brucellosis, as well as the parasitic myositis (if trichinosis, cysticercosis, toxoplasmosis), intoxication (alcohol, lead, carbon monoxide) and metabolic disorders (insular diabetes), glycogenosis, the primary amyloidosis.

- The injury of muscles in the arms. Vigorous physical activity, even in people with athletic physique, can lead to rupture of the muscles or tendons. In this case, a sudden sharp pain in the muscle, swelling and tenderness on palpation.

- Pain in the muscles of the hands with a load typical for metabolic lesions of the muscles, such as a lack of carnitine palmityl transferase or mioadenil deaminase; lack of enzymes involved in glycolysis, the most often accompanied by the development of contractures. In the majority of patients with complaints of pain in the muscles of hands, arising during or after loads, will not reveal a clear pathological changes.

- Diffuse myalgia. Pain in the muscles of the hands may occur in the case of infectious disease that is caused by influenza viruses a and b. Terms fibrositis, fibromyalgia and fibrositis are synonyms, officials for the description of lesions, accompanied by acute pain and painful on palpation muscles and surrounding connective tissue.
You can find local «trigger points» to the pain, often there is a common symptoms in the form of severe weakness, insomnia and of a depressed mood.

- Muscular rheumatism develops in people over 50 years of age and is characterized by tension and pain in the muscles of the shoulder and pelvic belt. Despite the localization of the pain in the muscles, there is compelling evidence that the disease develops arthritis proximal joints. Patients often reveal effusions in the knee and other joints, deep muscle atrophy, due to the inaction of the limbs; they complain of weakness, which gives reason to suspect the presence of polymyositis.

- Diseases of the peripheral nerves may also provoke pain in the muscles of the hand. When neuralgia pain are paroxysmal character and arise in the course of the nerve fibers. In between bouts of pain is practically absent, and the pain attack can last from several seconds to several minutes.

- The most powerful pain occurs when inflammation of the muscles in the arms. Myositis is a pretty serious disease that must be treated under the constant supervision of a doctor.
Myositis - inflammation of the skeletal muscles. May occur as a complication of various diseases, such as influenza. Frequent cause of myositis is the overexertion of muscles, due to the unaccustomed physical strain or injury of muscles in the arms.
When myositis appear aching pain in the muscles of the hands, intensifying when moving. Often reflected in the muscles of the tight knots or fibres. With open traumas, as a result of penetration of infection may develop purulent myositis, which is increased body temperature, chills, the gradual tightening of pain, swelling, seal and strain muscles, redness of the skin over it.
A form is a parasite myositis, arising out of the affected muscles of the parasites (trichinella, cysticerci, toxoplasma) and characterized by fever, pains in the muscles of the limbs, chest, language, masticatory muscles.

- Pain in the muscles of the hands can be caused by a communicable disease of bone as osteomyelitis. Pain in this disease acute and prolonged. In this case, the cause of the pain are the bones themselves.

- Spasm in the muscles of the hands represent an involuntary reduction of individual muscles or muscle groups. To stop them, it is recommended to relax the muscles. It is enough to sit or lie down, thereby altering the position of the limbs, and badly bruised hands converged muscle. Then put a towel, soaked in cold water, or stand bare feet on the cold ground.

- Fibromyalgia can be of different localization, but most often affects the neck region, the lower part of the back (lumbago), the neck, the area of the shoulder joints, chest and the thigh near the knee joint. Such pain occurs mainly in women. It can be called or increase physical or mental strain, sleep disorders, trauma, damp or cold, and sometimes the system, usually rheumatic diseases.

Which doctor should I contact if there is a pain in the muscles after a workout

  • Neurologist
  • Traumatologist
  • Rheumatologist

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Do you feel muscles hurts after a workout? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

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Map of the symptoms and the types of pain is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.