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Symptoms of disease - pain in the muscles of the back

Everyone who is forced to long-term stay in unphysiological, a uniform position, calling the static tension of the muscles (driving; work at the computer; air travel, etc.) and/or experiencing muscle overload (sports, work on the dacha, lifting heavy things), sooner or later begins to feel pain in the muscles of the back. Pain is a signal of the body about the troubles.

The main diseases in which there are pains in the muscles of the back:

Muscle-fascial pain is a manifestation of myalgia (muscle pain the back) for diseases of the spine, the causes of diseases and diseases of the spine.
The cause of the pain in the muscles of the back is in a constant load on the muscular system and as a result of this - his fatigue, merger subsequently oxygen starvation because of the mismatch of the oxygen consumption of the muscle and inflow to her blood.

The main diseases, causing muscular-fascial pain: osteochondrosis of the spine (the first place among other reasons), scoliosis, hernia of intervertebral disks. Allocate a number of predisposing mechanical factors, which include the following:

1. The syndrome of short legs. This is the most common cause of the development of scoliosis. Treacherous pathology lies in the fact that most doctors do not have on it due presentation, or did not give it significant, considering shortening of one of the lower extremities on 5-6 mm as the relative standard. It should be noted that the difference in leg length 3-4 mm in a child at an early age leads to abnormal growth and the position of the pelvis, its rotation around its axis and curvature of the spinal column. If the difference in the length of the legs is not diagnosed and time is not started adequate treatment, the age-she only progresses, exacerbating the related changes in the musculoskeletal system, especially the spine.

2. Reducing the size of half of the pelvis. The patient sits, leaning in that direction, in which the height of his pelvis reduced. Accordingly, the muscular system with the party constantly under intensive load. It should be noted, that the reduction in the size of the pelvis is detected in patients often in combination with shortening of the lower limbs.

3. Extra long the second bone hock. The foot is called «Greek». As a result of significantly violated function of the foot as a shock absorber. Experiencing an excessive workload and now the muscles of the first foot, then the legs, hips, and finally the lumbar spine. Subsequently pain syndrome develops in the above mentioned areas.

4. Short shoulders. Rarely met by pathology. Is to reduce the length of the shoulder with respect to the length of the body. As a result voltage feel the muscles of the shoulder girdle. Activated trigger points, located in the trapezoid muscle and in raising blades.

5. Kyphosis (curvature of the anterior) thoracic section of the spinal column. In the vernacular is called stoop. Voltage feel the muscles of the neck and shoulder areas. In turn causes of kyphosis are mostly hereditary diseases: disease Scheuermann-Mau, rickets.

6. The tension experienced by the prolonged stay in the wrong uncomfortable position. Linked to the organization of working space on the production, improper design school furniture.

7. Block the function of the joints. Is one of the most important factors in the case of pain in the muscles of the back. Most often functional unit develops in one of the vertebral segments.

8. Prolonged compression of the muscles. Factors leading to this may be: the strap bags and backpacks, tight pressing the straps a bra and a tight collar clothes.

9. A common reason myofascial pain syndromes involving the muscles of the pelvic floor is a gynecologic pathology. In the latest version of the chronic pain can be felt not only at the bottom of the abdomen, but also in the lower back, the sacrum.

10. Diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, such as peptic ulcer disease, often accompanied by myofascial pain syndromes involving paravertebral muscles.

Of great importance as a provoking factor has prolonged the uniform position of the body (especially lifestyle, occupation). From accompanying diseases of most of the suffering pains in the muscles of the back also has vitamin deficiency (vitamin B1, B6, B12, C, and folic acid). Deficiency in the body of vitamins helps to increase the excitability trigger points, as in the States, there is a violation of the exchange processes in the muscle tissue. When the characteristic of the myofascial pains great importance is attached to the notion of a trigger point. IT аутсорсинг это (IT outsourcing) The trigger point is an area of increased muscle excitability, localizes in the area of pain sensations. Characterized by an area of intense and solid muscle fibers, which can be felt during examination of the patient. The trigger point can be located not only in immediate source of pain (muscle or fascia), but also in other tissues (skin, tendons, periosteum, ligamentous apparatus). As a rule, the most intense pain always is located in the trigger point, which, however, has the ability to cause pain in very remote areas of the body. By its nature, the pain can be very different: acute, recurrent, chronic. Acute pain arises, as a rule, as a result of excessive mechanical stress to the corresponding group of muscles.

Which diseases there is pain in the muscles of the back

Other causes of pain in the muscles of the back:

- The muscular load. Approximately 85% of cases of chronic or episodic pain in the muscles of the back are associated with excessive loads on the back. Even if you don't exercise, do not pull of gravity and do not dig in bed all day and all night, the muscles of your back still experiencing day-to-day overvoltage. When you sit, for example, in front of the monitor, it is they have to maintain the bulk of your body. Therefore, doctors recommend that those who work at the Desk, as can be «deeper» sit in the chair, leaning on his back.

- Injuries of the muscles.
Stretching with a subsequent spasm of muscles in a sudden, the wrong turning, roll, jump - a common cause of activation triggers. Shots in basketball, feed in the big tennis, javelin throwing, or the kernel detrimental to cold performance, untrained muscles.
Injury of the muscles.
Direct bruised muscles can activate triggers, which remain in the active state after recourse hematomas.

- Myositis the muscles of the back (inflammation) - a common cause of pain in the muscles of the back. The disease is characterized by long over. Pain in the muscles of the back, mainly, aching. Muscles sealed, painful during feeling and tension. In patients with chronic infections and metabolic myositis of the back muscles can be combined with pains in the joints.

- Lumbago (from the Latin word lumbus - waist) is an acute pain in the lower back. The cause of lumbago is an overstrain of the lumbar region of the back. Lumbago is the result of a sharp movement of the spine, aimed at lifting weights or attempt to anything within the reach. Pain in the muscles of the lower back can also be caused by lumbar intervertebral hernias, the displacement of vertebras. Factors that increase the likelihood of lumbago, can become heated body, diseases and injuries of the spine. Causes of sudden severe pain in the muscles of the lower back are usually prolapse of the intervertebral disc or a strong strain of muscles and ligaments of the lower part of the back.

- Sciatica - is due, mainly, congenital and acquired defects of the spine and his ligaments. Pain in the lumbar-sacral region for radiculitis can be acute or obtuse, usually on one side, gives the buttocks, the back surface of the hips, the outer surface of the legs. It increases during the change of the position of the body, walking, coughing, sneezing, straining. Sometimes the pain is combined with a sense of numbness, tingling, pins and needles, burning, itching.

- Intervertebral hernia is a fairly common problem, often occurring in men after 40 (although it can be diagnosed and at a younger age). The reason is that the degeneration of muscle and connective tissue. With age, your spine as if «settles» - the bells pressed closer to each other, intervertebral disks are squeezed flat and protrude outside the spinal column. The result is the same compression of roots of the nerves, leading to a sharp pain in the muscles of the lower back and legs.

- American Academy of orthopedic surgeons (ААХО) came to the conclusion that emotional problems and stress in themselves may not serve as a source of pain in the muscles of the back, however, may aggravate it, if it occurs for other reasons. A person experiencing pain in the lumbar region, in a state of mental stress may increase the tension of muscles, which and without that spasm. From this intensifies the pain, which, in turn, may lead to a further strengthening of the spasm. However, many doctors believe that nervous tension or stress really are the main cause of pain in the muscles of the back.

Which doctor should I contact if there is a pain in the muscles of the back

  • Traumatologist
  • Masseur
  • Doctor of physiotherapy
  • Chiropractor
  • Neurologist
  • Osteopath

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Do you feel hurts in the muscles of the back? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

Pains by category

Pains by alphabet

Map of the symptoms and the types of pain is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.