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Symptoms of disease - pain in the legs in children

Pain in the legs in children arise for many reasons and in many different places. So you need to talk with the child and find out exactly where is the source of the pain.

Which diseases there is pain in the legs in children

Causes of pain in the feet of the children:

1. The most common cause of pain in the feet of the children - the so-called children's age. It was during this period there are a number of characteristics of the structure of bones, muscles and ligaments, blood vessels, providing them food, as well as the rate of growth and a high metabolism. The child before puberty increases the length of his body mainly due to the growth of the legs, and the most intensively growing feet and legs. It is in such places, where there is rapid growth and differentiation of tissues, it is necessary to ensure an abundant flow of blood. The vessels that feed the bone, muscle, are wide, capable of intensively to supply the growing tissues of the blood, but they contain little elastic fibers, the number of which increases only in 7-10 years. Hence it follows, that the circulation of blood in them improves the motor activity of the child, when there is a work of muscles, promotes the growth and development of bones. At night during sleep tone of the arterial and venous vessels is reduced, the intensity of blood flow in such a fast-growing parts of the body is reduced, and hence there is pain syndrome. Many parents know that it is worth stroke, massaging legs of the child, as the pain recedes, and the child goes to sleep. And it happens at the expense of strengthening of blood flow to the muscles of the shins and feet.

2. The second cause of pain in the legs may be the existence of orthopedic pathology, such as the violation of posture, scoliosis, flat foot, at which the offset center of gravity, and the greatest pressure of a body falls on a section feet (foot, leg, hip or joint). The pain in his legs and a violation of the gait may cause congenital malformation of the hip joints, as well as the so-called osteochondropathy: Perthes disease - aseptic necrosis of the head of the femur, Osgood-Schlatter's disease - osteochondropathy tuberosity tibial bone.

3. Pain in the legs in children appears in the presence of chronic foci of infection in the nasopharynx - tonsillitis, adenoids, the plural caries. Therefore, it is important to timely to reorganize the mouth cavity, visiting a dentist, ENT-doctor. Pain in the legs, with the involvement of joints may be the first sign of rheumatism, juvenile rheumatoid arthritis. She can accompany endocrine abnormalities-diabetes mellitus, diseases of the adrenal gland, parathyroid, resulting in violation of the mineralization of bone tissue. It is necessary to remember, that a number of the diseases of the blood begins with the pain in the legs, arthritis of the knee and ankle joints. And in any case it cannot refuse consultation TB specialist, if the pain in the legs is accompanied by a positive Mantoux method (sample for tuberculosis infection is children annually).

4. Very often, especially in recent times, the pain in the legs, the so-called bone pain, can occur in children with neurocirculatory dystonia of hypotonic type, especially at night. At that, they periodically accompanied by a feeling of discomfort in the heart, stomach, feeling short of breath, headache and sleep disturbance.

5. Pain in the legs in children may be a manifestation of congenital pathology of heart and vessels. When some of the inherent flaws of the aortic valve, koarktation predator there is a reduction of blood flow in lower extremities, as a result of the child during the walk can stumble, fall and tell my mother that his legs are tired, sore and do not obey. If such children compare the pulse of the hands and feet, then on the lower limbs, he will be poorly palpable or absent at all.

6. In continuation of the causes of pain in the legs should point out the inherent inferiority of connective tissue, which is included in the pump apparatus heart, venous vessels, ligaments. In children with the anomaly of the connective tissue can be Hyper-mobility of joints, scoliosis, platypodia, posture disorders, nephroptosis (the omission of the kidneys), varicose veins.

7. Pain in the heel, for example, can be caused by stretching Achilles tendon. The pain in the middle part of the feet, under its middle, is often the result of disease arch of the foot. Pain in the big toe may be caused by inflammation of the bag on the outside of the finger. And the blisters can appear anywhere, as you can see, even briefly examining the feet of their child (if the problem is precisely in this, see the appropriate section of blisters, which contains additional information).

8. For children older than 3 years can often there is severe pain in the calf muscles. The pain associated insufficient intake of calcium and phosphorus in the growth zones bones bones (for example, such headaches often occur in pregnant women, which is connected with the withdrawal of calcium). In children such pain often associated with lack of assimilation of calcium, phosphorus and potassium in the blood (at the secondary rickets).

9. Sudden pain in one of the joints most likely indicates injury. Pain and swelling of the joints of unknown origin deserve the attention of a doctor.

10. Red swollen joint demands the immediate attention of a physician because of the fact, that, probably, the change of the joint is connected with the introduction into him infections (septic arthritis) or with the beginning of a severe systemic disease, in the first place manifesting himself like symptoms (disease still, or juvenile rheumatoid arthritis).
Septic arthritis, if left untreated, can cause permanent damage to the joint. The disease still, if time does not pay attention to it, can damage your eyes.

11. Pain in the joints, accompanied by lumbago, especially in the morning, or pain in the joints of the child, feeling expressed General malaise, deserve serious attitude to him. Consult a doctor, because these may be the symptoms of the disease still or even leukemia (leukemia tumors of hematopoietic tissue).

12. Pain in the joints throughout the body with influenza or other acute respiratory disease - a common enough phenomenon, which is part of the common symptoms of the flu. Paracetamol will help relieve the pain, and after a few days it will pass by.

13. In older children and adolescents is widespread Schlatter disease. It manifests itself acute pain in the front of the knee, where the tendons of the kneecap connected to the tibia (Shin bone). This place becomes very sensitive. The cause of the disease with the precision is not installed. The disease is especially common among children engaged in sports, and may simply be the result of injury.

14. The reason limping child is obvious, if he just banged his foot. Sometimes, especially in young children, there is no such certainty, and then to lameness is taken seriously.
The cause of lameness can also become too tight shoes or a nail sticking out of the soles of inflammation in the toe or ingrown nails, inflammation or injury of the ankle or knee; attention should be any sick or flushed place. Gently bend and straighten the hip, knee and ankle joints; look, not to whether it is a pain. Inspect the groin on the subject of the search tumors and inflamed lymph nodes.

15. Sometimes the cause of lameness become stress and strong emotions. Please note, if your child is very upset or excited.
If you can't find an obvious cause, then put the baby to bed. If the next day he will continue to limp for no apparent reason, then contact a doctor.

16. Injury or trauma is the most common causes lameness; the active older children are often stretch the muscles and ligaments, which heal without intervention after a while.

Consult your doctor if:
"you suspect a fracture or serious injury;
- your child is lame without any obvious cause for several days;
- on the ankle, knee or hip joints swollen and red.

Finally, the Board of the parents: listen to your child, watch him and during the day waking hours, and during sleep. Watch his shoes. Avoid prolonged stay in the running shoes. Try to keep the shoes were a size, with hard soles. Don't limit your child in motion, remember that it helps to strengthen the muscles and the growth of bones. Worry about good nutrition, include in a diet more vegetables, fruits, lactic acid products, fish, i.e., that is necessary for normal growth and development of your children.

In each case, the mother should examine your child, paying attention not only to his feet, but also on his state of health, measure the temperature of the body, to evaluate its appetite, remember when there was a pain in the legs, may be, after a bout of cold or sore throat, and can be, on the background of disorders of stool or after the injury. All this must inform the physician in terms of timely diagnostics of the disease and how you can quickly go through the designated laboratory studies (General blood analysis, urine, biochemical blood analysis, ECG and other diagnostic measures).

Which doctor should I contact if there is a pain in the legs in children

  • Orthopedist-traumatologist
  • Pediatrician
  • Hematologist
  • Neurologist

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Do you feel hurts in the legs in children? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

Pains by category

Pains by alphabet

Map of the symptoms and the types of pain is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.