Система Orphus

Symptoms of disease - pain after fracture

Broken bones - full or partial violation of the integrity of bones when the load is greater than the strength of the traumatized area of the skeleton. Fractures can occur both as a result of injuries, and because of the various diseases, which are accompanied by changes in the strength of bone tissue.

The condition of the fractures caused by the size of damaged bones and their quantity. Multiple fractures of large tubular bones lead to the development of massive blood loss and traumatic shock. Also patients after such injuries slowly recovered, the recovery may take several months.

Which diseases there is pain after fracture

Characteristics of pain after a fracture:
A sharp pain after a fracture in a certain point of the damaged bone; bleeding and swelling of the surrounding soft tissues; change in mobility and form a damaged limb; sometimes the crunch of the fragments of the bones. A characteristic feature of the fracture rib - pain with deep breath and cough.

Fractures are closed or open, when damaged, the skin, and muscle. Sometimes fractures occur as a result of diseases, accompanied by the destruction of the bones (tumor, osteopielit, etc.).

In no case should themselves to try to straighten out the fracture. In fracture of any bone of it is first necessary to provide it with complete peace and stillness, as any misalignment causes a sharp pain after a fracture and is fraught with the breakthrough of the skin, wound the blood vessels and bleeding. The victim should be as soon as possible to deliver to the medical institution.

Fractures of the bones of the skull. The most dangerous type of fractures. Arise from a blow on the head with a hard object. Most of all - with the impact of falling stone, or by falling on the rocks. In place of the fracture patient feels pain, occurs expressed edema. With careful feeling zone fracture can feel the shift bone fragments, however, the specially cannot do it because of the risk of damaging the brain. The main risk of fractures of the skull and is the possible damage to the brain. After a fracture of the base of the skull of the patient usually there are dark circles under the eyes or even around the eyes (the symptom of "points"), from the nose can be clear liquid, colorless blood - spinal liquid. The patient usually considers weakness, oglushennosti, in the eyes of the dark, can nausea, repeated vomiting. Pay attention to the fact that in the first minutes after the injury, the patient can feel good, so good, that the assessment of own state would be for him just impossible. After that the "light" of the period (it is also called the "period of the imaginary well-being") status of the injured person can suddenly sharp turn for the worse, until stopping of cardiac activity and respiration.

Fracture of the spine. Occurs when falling from a height (or, on the contrary, his head striking the bottom when diving), a strong blow in the back (auto injury, falling rocks), falls under the rubble. The main feature is a very strong pain in the back when trying to movement. The danger in this case is to the damage of the spinal cord, passing in the spinal canal. The spinal cord can be injured by broken vertebrae in any of their displacement. In the case of spinal cord injury occurs paralysis of the extremities or the whole body, manifesting a complete loss of sensitivity, and the inability to move.

Fractures and dislocations of bones of hands. Signs of pain in the bones, unnatural form of limbs, unnatural mobility in the place where there is no joint (in the presence of a fracture), swelling.

Fracture and dislocation of the hand and fingers. If you suspect a fracture or dislocation of the hand bones should be bandage hand to a wide (the width of a palm) bus so that the bus began from the middle of the forearm, and ended at the end of the fingers. In the palm of the hand of the damaged hands must first be nested wad of cotton wool, bandages, etc., the fingers were slightly twisted. To the place of damage should be made cold object.

Fractures and dislocations of the lower limbs. Signs of pain in the bones, swelling, and unnatural form in the place where there is no joint (with fractures). First aid: to strengthen the sick limb (as shown in Fig. 18) bus, a plywood plate, with a stick, cardboard and etc., so that one end of the plate went above the edge of the pelvis to the armpits, and another took his heels. This is achieved complete peace of the whole of the lower limbs. Impose a bus, to the extent possible, not lifting leg, and only holding it in place and carrying out the bandages wand under the waist, knee and heel. On a place of damage of the cold.

Broken ribs. Occurs usually in a fall from a height, compression of the thorax, a direct blow. The main symptom is sudden pain after a fracture, arising in breathing, coughing, change of body position. The patient is trying not to do deep breaths, therefore, breathing becomes shallow. The main danger is the possible damage of the pleura and easy sharp edges of the bone fragments. In case of damage of lung patient may arise subcutaneous emphysema, i.e. the penetration of air into the subcutaneous tissue. In this case, notably smoothing of intercostal spaces, like the swelling. However, unlike edema, with feeling of the place of damage to easily determine arising under the fingers "rustling" (as if the burst of small bubbles).

A fracture of the clavicle. Most often a fracture of the clavicle occurs in the fall on outstretched hand, sometimes by the drop of the shoulder joint, or at direct impact on the breastbone. The patient are worried about the pain in area collarbone when you try to hand movements. Usually the victim keeps his hand pressed to his body and resisted any attempts to make the movements of the hand. Outwardly well-noticeable deformation of the clavicle, swelling in the area of the fracture. With careful feeling fracture zone is noted the sharp pain. The outer part of the clavicle usually moves downward and forward under the weight of the hand. Fracture of the clavicle may be accompanied by the damage deep vessels and nerves (brachial plexus).

Bone fracture of the pelvis. By the number of related injuries to the internal organs and mortality fractures of the pelvis are second only to the fracture of the skull bones. This type of fracture can occur in case of ingestion of the victim in the dam, under falling rocks, when falling from a height, forward a strong blow. The main feature of the fracture of the pelvis is a very sharp pain in any attempt to change the position of the body. Sometimes when examining appreciably change in shape of the pelvis. Sharp pain occur and when pressing on the bones of the pelvis hands. The patient usually lies in a "position of the frog": on his back, with side of the feet, half-bent at the knee and the hip joints. In the place of blow is usually determined by a hematoma. It should be taken into account that the fractures of the bones of the pelvis are frequently accompanied by damage to the internal organs, bladder, rectum, urethra, and etc., outwardly manifested allocation of blood in the urine or faeces. Additional risks creates the possible development of a patient traumatic shock. Remember that all patients with multiple injuries, unconscious, should be suspect the presence of fractures of the bones of the pelvis, if the contrary is not proved.

Which doctor should I contact if there is a pain after fracture

  • Traumatologist

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Do you feel hurts after fracture? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

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Map of the symptoms and the types of pain is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.