Система Orphus

Symptoms of disease - rheumatic pain

Probably, there is no man on earth who does not know, what is the pain. It appears periodically in the life of each, making this life sometimes unbearable. Determine what pain is, is not so difficult, if you do not think in medical reference books, and easy to understand what a person is feeling. The pain is suffering. And the only thought that comes when there is pain, is desperate for it to quickly passed. And never appeared.

Nature does not trifle and gives us pain «in range»: crackling, flaring, boring, taper, piercing, twitch, cutting, burning, stinging. The language of pain ancient any other and is not in need of translation.

But pain syndrome - this is not a punishment, and the «life preserver», which indicates the presence of one or another pathology and requires the adoption of necessary measures. Apparently, the biological significance of pain is that it serves as a disturbing signal and makes reduce physical activity in injury or in the course of the disease, in order to facilitate the recovery process. Pain protects the organism. It is the function of monitoring the integrity of tissues. Any effect that violates the integrity of or threatens to this violation, evokes a feeling of pain. They say that pain is a negative physiological need, i.e. the mechanism to get away from the traumatic or reduce its effects.
Pain sensitivity (nociception, from Latin nocens - harmful) of a person depends on many factors and can serve as an accurate indicator of the adequacy and effectiveness of the biological and social adaptation, state of health and disease. Pain sensitivity can be conventionally expressed as four degrees of intensity: the absence of pain, the pain as a signal, then the «disease» and «catastrophe».

Which diseases there is rheumatic pain

Pain is the companion of many diseases, including rheumatoid diseases.
Rheumatic diseases - system diseases (exciting the whole organism), which are characterized by chronic inflammation of the different structures of musculoskeletal, connective tissue and vessels, a violation of immune regulation and developing due to the influence of a number of factors in people predisposed to this fairly common disease.

Acute, chronic or oft-repeated rheumatic pains in the joints, bones and muscles are more than 30% of the population of the globe, but especially in the elderly. In the case of rheumatic pains play the role of mechanical factors - overload patient joint, stretching tendon-ligamentous apparatus, inflammation of the synovium; microcirculatory disorders; metabolic disturbances in the bones; the development of joint inflammatory and degenerative changes. As a result of these processes in the tissues of the joints accumulate certain substances - fabric protease, kinin, prostaglandins, histamine, serotonin, which are irritating to the pain receptors (nociceptors), located throughout the body, with the exception of the brain, and give birth to the arc pain reflex. Pain receptors in the synovium and cartilage and menisci no, but the pain in the joints in people of different age groups most often associated with changes in the periarticular tissues, richly equipped with nociceptors.

Causes and symptoms of rheumatic diseases vary, but there are the typical symptoms of the so - called articular syndrome: expressed prolonged pain, local inflammation, manifesting itself puffiness, high temperature of the skin over the affected joints, defiguratio articulationis and deformation of the joint (the change of its form due to edema of the periarticular tissue and pathological tissue proliferations), restriction of movement in the joint and, as a consequence, a violation of its functions. Inflammation is the most universal pathological process, lying in the basis of the clinical manifestations of rheumatic diseases.

Rheumatic pain can be extremely serious, such as when gouty arthritis. Such a pain in the majority of cases of short-lived. But if developing chronic arthritis, such as rheumatoid, the pain in the joints continues for months and even years. Although it is not so great, but is accompanied by such feelings, which is called a constraint in the morning or after a period of immobility, of reinforcing the feeling of helplessness.

Chronic arthritis pain (arthralgia) is always an indicator of inflammatory process in the painful joint. The same concerns and muscle pain (myalgia), which usually occurs when their inflammation. But there are diseases (rheumatic polymyalgia, often developing in women in their climacteric period), in which hurt almost all the muscles and limited mobility.

From the other types of pain can be called ischemic (if vasculitis), neurogenic (for example, in case of compression of the nerves inflamed periarticular tissues). Often the pain is of a psychosomatic nature (psychogenic rheumatism). Rheumatic pain is usually associated with clinically apparent signs of inflammation of the joints, soft tissues and/or places of attachment of tendons to the bone.

The diversity of the mechanisms of rheumatic pain determines whether to use to suppress it, a wide range of medications. But it is chronic pain forcing patients to take medications constantly, practically during the whole life. The main group of medicines that are used for this purpose in the rheumatic diseases, are non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs. This is determined by a unique combination of them-inflammatory, analgesic, fever-reducing and antithrombotic properties, which cover almost the entire spectrum of the main symptoms characteristic of rheumatic diseases.

But despite the similar feelings peripheral pain in the bones, joints, muscles), the reasons for its occurrence are different, therefore, need to consult a doctor for the recognition of the disease, and therefore, the mechanism of the pain and its treatment. No less important is the doctor's opinion about the indications to the application of specific non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, because they not only have a positive (therapeutic) action, but also cause side (adverse) effects, for example defeat mucous membrane of the stomach, increased blood pressure, swelling, etc.

Which doctor should I contact if there is a rheumatic pain

  • Rheumatologist

Are you experiencing rheumatic pain? You want to know more detailed information, or you need an inspection? Please sign up on reception to the doctor! Doctors will examine you, examine the external signs and help to determine the disease the symptoms, they will consult you and provide the necessary assistance. You can also call the doctor on the house.

Do you feel rheumatic hurts? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

Pains by category

Pains by alphabet

Map of the symptoms and the types of pain is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.