Система Orphus

Symptoms of disease - pain in the back

Pain in the back is a group of diseases, United with common manifestations. Are faced with them more than 70% of people in developed countries; the annual frequency among adults is about 45%, with the most affected people in the age of 35-55 years. In most cases (90%) acute episodes of back pain permitted for 6 weeks, but in 7% of patients the disease becomes chronic in nature.

Back pain is acute or chronic. Acute pain lasts from four to six weeks, while chronic exist for long periods of time, for years, sometimes for life. It happens that the suffering from chronic pain may occur or acute pain.

Back pain can take various forms. It can be as sharp and severe, and so dull, dull. Pain can occur when the movements, even when coughing and sneezing. There may also be a numbness of the hands or feet. (The pain caused by the infringement of nerve and where in the leg, often called sciatica.)

The symptoms that indicate the need for medical care
• The pain becomes much stronger
• Pain prevents deal with their Affairs
• Severe symptoms
• A feeling of weakness or numbness in the groin or leg
• A feeling of weakness, tingling or numbness in hands or in the hands
• Incontinence of stool or urine

Which diseases there is pain in the back

Back pain can be divided into more or less frequent. The most frequent refers deformation (change of the form and premature wear) of the intervertebral disc. These disks in the course of life are countless, periodically loads. At rest in the supine position, the load is about 25 kg, the weight up to 200 kg. The General situation worsens excess body weight. With the passage of time the disk is changed. After thirty years of decreasing the mass of a nucleus. It loses water, dissolves, with the passage of time disappears. Thereby reducing the height of the disc and to a great extent reduces its performance of damping function. In this period can occur and the emergence of small cracks in fibrous ring around the kernel and the disk, and the substance of the kernel starts pressed into the these cracks.

Gradually arise load on the nerve endings in the outer layers of the fibrous ring and around the longitudinal ligaments. So begins a pain in the back, which often manifest themselves in the most vulnerable to the stress of the lumbar region, and sometimes spreading to the lower limbs. The deformed intervertebral disc does not provide a full connection of vertebral bodies, and, thus, there is little bias them in relation to each other, which in turn causes the reaction of the surrounding muscles, which painfully reduced. If this process continues, it is inevitable while the load on the spine, the bells react to the formation of reactive processes (osteophytes). The final stage of this process is complete rupture of the surrounding disk of the fibrous ring and the descent of the nucleus outside of the disc. If there were compressed nerve roots, causing a number of, as a rule, sharply symptoms arising from a breach of the functioning of the affected nerves. If the disc between the lumbar vertebrae is observed picture of the so-called sciatica syndrome - pressure on the most powerful nerve, coming out of the spinal cord it is in this area (the sciatic nerve - ischiadicus). In this case there are very strong pain irradiating character in the lower extremities, is a violation of their functioning. If such a situation is observed in the lower spine, where the spinal cord enters the bundle of nerve roots, called the «horse's tail» (cauda equina), then it manifests itself much more dramatic - paralysis of the lower extremities and the inability to hold urine and feces.

The result of the loss of the nucleus of the disc may become further progression of the changes in the bodies of the vertebrae with the increase of the processes (osteophytes), reducing the space between the bodies of the vertebrae (osteochondrosis discs) and a picture of deforming disease of the spine, the so-called spndilosys.

Among the other causes of pain in the spine, it can be noted minor changes due to damage to the intervertebral disc. These include spondylosis, namely education spinous processes of the oblong form, most often on the front or the sides of the vertebral bodies, arising in response to the pressure of discs on the front longitudinal ligament, rigidly joined with the bodies of the vertebrae. Deforming changes amazed and intervertebral joints (between articular process, coming from the arc of a vertebra in the top and bottom of the direction). We call it spondyloarthrosis. The more rare causes pain in the back (in comparison with functional blockades, injuries of the intervertebral disc and chronic effects), includes:

congenital defects of the spine, which are manifested in a different number of vertebrae, most often in the lumbar region.
It can be or about extra lumbar vertebrae (I sacral vertebra turns into a VI lumbar, the so-called lumbalization sacral spine)
or about their lack of (V lumbar vertebra is converted in the first sacral - sacralization of);
- spondyloschisis and espondilolistesis of - the question is about a defect in interarticular part of the the bow of the vertebra, which in the case of complete separation of the earpieces (spondyloschisis) and two-sided localization can lead to a shift of the body of the damaged vertebra forward (espondilolistesis of);
- ankylosing spondylitis (Bechterew's disease) - a painful inflammation of the spine, starting at the Sacro-lumbar joints;
- osteoporosis is the cause of the back pain in women (during a month) and in the elderly. Vertebral bodies in this disease have decreased bone density, in connection with than if any pressure is their deformation to the wedge-shaped or to form the so-called fish vertebra (extra holes in the top and bottom surfaces of the vertebral bodies);
- pain in the spinal column can be invoked and neoplastic processes. Most often they are metastatic tumors of the chest, including lung, prostate and thyroid glands, kidneys work;
- infectious lesions of the spine (most often staphylococcal nature), associated with exposure to blood and the transport of infectious agent from a lesion in the lung or the genito-urinary organs. Another infection, which amazed by the spine, particularly in previous years, is tuberculosis;
- pain in the back, caused by diseases of the internal organs. In women, it is most often gynecological diseases - change the position of the uterus, cysts, inflammation, and ovarian tumors.
- diseases of the prostate, infection urinary channels and stones in the urinary bladder can also be the causes of back pain;
in some cases, pain in the back are a consequence of psychosomatic reactions, which means that some people carry their depression, nervous stresses, neuroses in the area of the spine and feel them there in the form of pain. In these cases, the pain in the spine may be the result of psychological protective reactions, related with increased muscle activity. Perceived pain in turn increases the depression and a neurotic condition, and the overall situation is further deteriorating, the difficulties are fixed and become chronic.

Which doctor should I contact if there is a pain in the back

  • Traumatologist
  • Neuropathologist
  • TB specialist
  • Urologist
  • Otolaryngologist
  • Oncologist
  • Rheumatologist

Are you experiencing pain in the back? You want to know more detailed information, or you need an inspection? Please sign up on reception to the doctor! Doctors will examine you, examine the external signs and help to determine the disease the symptoms, they will consult you and provide the necessary assistance. You can also call the doctor on the house.

Do you feel back hurts? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

Pains by category

Pains by alphabet

Map of the symptoms and the types of pain is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.