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Symptoms of disease - pain in the throat in children

Pain in the throat in children is a symptom of the infection or irritation in the throat. Infection or irritation of the cause inflammation (swelling, redness, voltage and temperature increase) tissues of the throat. The most frequent symptoms are pain and difficulty swallowing. Pain may persist for one day or more. Small children thus become capricious, constantly crying, sleep poorly, and refuse to eat. As a rule, in small children, sore throat difficult to identify. If the pain in the throat caused by infection, marked redness of the mucosa of the mouth and throat or white or yellow spots on the mucous membrane. As a rule, pain in the throat occurs when a viral infection, together with the typical symptoms of a cold or flu.

The bacterial infection sore throat occurs suddenly, together with such severe symptoms as high temperature increase in the lymph nodes of the neck, a headache. Sore throat viral and bacterial nature it is difficult to distinguish from each other.

Frequent sore throats are typical for children of school age. Sore throat is a symptom of a more than one-third of acute respiratory disease in children. For children up to 8 years of age account for 60% of the cases of angina, the peak of the disease falls at the age of from 5 to 10 years.

Which diseases there is pain in the throat in children

Causes of pain in the throat in children: about three-quarters of all cases of pain in the throat caused by viruses, 1/4- bacteria, often haemolytic streptococcus. In the first case, therapeutic measures are only symptomatic, in the second we can effectively influence the causative agent of antibiotics.

1. Angina, caused by the streptococcal.
Inflammation, as a rule, is localized in the palatine tonsils. Angina is a light, moderate and severe. The disease rarely occurs before the age of 2 years and after 40 years.
Clinical picture:
- acute onset;
- severe pain in the throat, increasing when swallowing and speaking;
the unpleasant smell from a mouth;
- temperature above 38 C;
- palatine tonsils swollen, on their surface visible accumulation of pus (raid);
- cervical lymph nodes are enlarged, painful;
- if your child is big enough to open his mouth, stick his tongue and say "ah-ah-ah, "you can see for yourself the tonsils in the form of two pink hemispheres in the depths of her throat, the two sides of the uvule ("tongue", located deep in the throat).
In all cases, the angina should be deleted diphtheria!
The symptoms of angina can not go beyond the pain and tickling in the throat, especially when swallowing. With the older children sore throat is often combined with catarrhal phenomena and cough.
The pain is usually appear suddenly, often accompanied by a rise in temperature from 37.5 to 40 degrees. Strong heat provokes the emergence of febrile convulsions in predisposed to them children. The chills alternate with abundant sweating.
In babies, strep throat is often accompanied by pain in the abdomen. All children grow and become inflamed neck, submandibular and sometimes cervical lymph nodes, which become painful during feeling. Loss of appetite is a characteristic symptom for children's illnesses of this kind, for sore throat it may complement the two-, three-time vomiting. Also often sore and ears, noted their stuffy and, as a consequence, hearing loss, it is worth to pay attention of a doctor, as in this case, the cause may be independent of sore throat ear infection.
When scarlet fever in children in addition to the above symptoms appear rash all over his body and a typical bright blush on the cheeks.
Symptoms usually begin to fade within 4-7 days, although in the most severe cases of the disease process may require more time and last for 2-3 weeks.

2. Viral pharyngitis.
Viral pharyngitis is one of the most frequent causes of pain in my throat.
Clinical picture:
- moderate redness of the mucous membrane of the pharynx;
- speakers, sometimes white lymph follicles on the back of the throat;
- there is no plaque;
- cervical lymph nodes, as a rule, are not enlarged.

3. Laringit (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the larynx) - can be characterized by a feeling of dryness, tickling, scratching in the throat, hoarseness of voice, dry, "barking" cough;

4. Infectious mononucleosis is a disease caused by a virus Epstein-Barr. The peak incidence is between 15 and 25 years. In 85% of cases of patients reported pain in his throat. Other symptoms: fever, weakness, headache, nasal congestion, nausea, rash, increased lymph nodes, liver and spleen may be jaundice.

Other causes of pain in the throat in children:
1. stomatitis (especially herpes, oral and candidal);
2. acute epiglottitis, tracheitis or laryngotracheitis (cereals);
3. foreign bodies in the upper respiratory tract;
4. dripping wet from the nose to the back of the throat, such as when allergic rhinitis (tonsils bulked largely);
5. irritation of the upper respiratory system: dry air, smoke, including the active and passive smoking.

Consult your doctor if:
- your child has a sore throat and other symptoms of the disease;
- child cannot swallow the liquid;
- child is not able to swallow your saliva (this suggests a serious case of the narrowing of the lumen of the throat, for example, when phlegmonous sore throat, or epiglottiditis;
- baby makes rattling sounds breath (perhaps, cereals or epiglottitis).

Which doctor should I contact if there is a pain in the throat in children

  • Pediatrician
  • Otholaryngologist

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Do you feel throat hurts in children? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

Pains by category

Pains by alphabet

Map of the symptoms and the types of pain is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.