Система Orphus

Symptoms of disease - pain when swallowing

Pain when swallowing - one of the most common complaints at the reception not only a specialist, but also the doctor of the general practice. This complex symptom may accompany a large number of diseases and pathological conditions, which requires a thorough examination of the patient and of differential diagnostics

Risk factors of pain when swallowing:
Although the pain in swallowing may be for each of us, certain factors may increase your susceptibility to diseases of the throat. These factors include:
- Age. Pain in swallowing may occur more frequently in children and adolescents. For example, children in the age from 5 to 18 years throat may be hurt more than 5 times a year, while the adults in two times less. Pain when swallowing, caused by a streptococcal infection, most commonly found in children.
Oral sex. Pain in swallowing may also occur due to gonococcal sore throats caused after school oral sex. Although the risk of infection in ten times below, than in the ordinary sexual contact any kinds of oral sex can also lead to infection with HIV-infection, gonorrhea, syphilis.
- Smoking or passive smoking. Tobacco smoke, as the active and the passive smoke contains hundreds of harmful chemical substances, irritating the mucous membrane of the mouth and mucus.
- Allergy. If you suffer from seasonal allergies or you have a permanent allergic to dust, mold or pet hair, and then the pain when swallowing you will be more likely than people not suffering from allergies.
- The effect of chemical irritants. Particulates from the combustion of fuel, as well as household chemicals that may irritate the throat.
- Chronic or repeated infection of the nasal sinuses (sinusitis, sinusitis). Infection of the nasal cavities and sinuses can cause infection of the throat.
- Stay or work in close premises. Viral or bacterial infection is easily spread in areas with large concentrations of people in kindergartens, classrooms, offices, prison cells and barracks.
- Non-observance of rules of personal hygiene. Frequent and thorough hand washing is the best way to prevent any infection.
- A weakened immunity system. With the weakened immunity you more vulnerable to infection. The main causes of violations of immunity: some diseases, such as AIDS or diabetes, treatment with steroids, chemotherapy of tumors, overwork and inadequate nutrition.

The symptoms of pain when swallowing
Pain when swallowing usually appears along with the other symptoms of the disease. Depending on the type of infection, they can be different. Most often, the pain when swallowing occurs when a viral infection, colds or flu. These diseases can be distinguished from each other on the basis of other symptoms that accompany the pain when swallowing.
Pain when swallowing when you have a cold
In addition to the pain when swallowed with a cold, will be observed:
- cold
- increased lacrimation, photophobia
- cough
- slight increase in body temperature to 38,5º WITH
- the ulterior muscle pain in the body
- light or moderate headache

Pain when swallowing the flu
The flu usually manifests itself:
- weakness
expressed pain in the whole body
- chills
- increased sweating (sweat)
- the body temperature above 38,5ºС
Pain when swallowing with infectious mononucleosis
Infectious mononucleosis is a viral disease, accompanied by severe pain when swallowing. Symptoms of the disease there are usually about 10 days, but on the restoration of forces after the disease may be required of the week. Besides the pain when swallowing, with infectious mononucleosis are observed:
- enlargement of lymph nodes in neck and armpits
- enlarged tonsils
headache
- skin rash
- loss of appetite
- increase and softening of the spleen
- inflammation of the liver
Pain in swallowing may also occur with other viral and bacterial infections.



Which diseases there is pain when swallowing

The causes of pain when swallowing:
Pain when swallowing in most cases arises when infecting viruses colds and flu. At least - because of a bacterial infection, which causes strep throat. In some cases, the pain in swallowing may cause non-factors.
Viruses and bacteria enter the body through the mouth or nose when inhaled particles entering into the air, when someone sneezes or coughs, or by self-infection touching the eyes or nose after contact with sick people or using them with common objects: utensils, towels, toys, door handles or phone.

Viral causes of
TO the viruses that cause pain when swallowing, include:
Viruses that cause colds
- A virus of a flu
- Virus infectious mononucleosis
- Measles virus
- Varicella zoster virus
- Parainfluenza virus (cereals)

Bacterial causes of
The bacteria that causes pain when swallowing include:
- Streptococcus
- Diphtheria bacillus
- Mycoplasma
- Chlamydia
- The causative agent of gonorrhea
Other causes of pain when swallowing:
Bacteria and viruses that cause pain when swallowing, contagious, especially in the first days of the disease, so they can be easily spread in areas with large concentrations of people: in the schools, kindergartens and offices. Nevertheless, pain when swallowing not always linked to the infection.

Allocate and other causes of pain when swallowing:
- Allergy. Allergies to pet hair, mold and pollen, can manifest itself not only redness, swelling of the face and head cold, and pain when swallowing.

- Dry air. The feeling of dryness and tickling if swallowed, for example, when you wake up in the morning, may arise because of the dry air in the room, especially in winter, when the rooms very heated. Dryness and pain when swallowing may also occur when breathing through the mouth due to nasal congestion.

- Pollution and other irritants. Polluted air on the street can cause constant irritation of the upper respiratory tract and throat. But the main cause of chronic pain when swallowing - indoor air pollution, especially tobacco smoke. Moreover, passive smoking is more dangerous in this respect, than active. The so-called smokeless tobacco (chewing and volatile form of tobacco), alcohol and spicy foods can also irritate your throat.

- Muscular tension. The muscles of the throat can be overextend the same as the muscles of the arms or legs. Pain when swallowing after the performance at a concert or sporting events is the result of the surge of muscles of the throat.

- Gastro-esophageal reflux. This is a condition in which stomach contents(in particular the acidic gastric juice) enters the esophagus. In the norm of the circular layer of muscle (lower esophageal sphincter) misses the food and fluid in one direction only, in the stomach, and thus prevents the penetration of gastric juice in the opposite direction. But, if the processes of relaxation and reduction of the sphincter violated, the gastric juice can penetrate into the upper divisions of the gastrointestinal tract, provoking at the same time not only the esophagus, but his throat. Irritation of the throat caused by gastro-esophageal reflux, is not accompanied by other symptoms of viral infection and lasts for a few days, as when the infection, but it happens all the time.

- HIV-infection. For HIV-positive people sometimes develop chronic pain when swallowing. This is not the HIV-infection, as with secondary infection, for example, with candidiasis stomatitis or cytomegalovirus infection. Any viral infection could be extremely dangerous for people with violations on the part of the immune system.

- The Tumor. To the group of risk of developing tumors of the throat, tongue, or voice of the machine are smokers and people who abuse alcohol. In some patients, these tumors are expressed pale symptoms or do not show themselves. The other arises hoarseness, difficulty swallowing and pain when swallowing.



Which doctor should I contact if there is a pain when swallowing

  • Therapeutist
  • Family doctor
  • Infectious Disease Physician
  • Allergist
  • Otholaryngologist
  • Oncologist


Are you experiencing pain when swallowing? You want to know more detailed information, or you need an inspection? Please sign up on reception to the doctor! Doctors will examine you, examine the external signs and help to determine the disease the symptoms, they will consult you and provide the necessary assistance. You can also call the doctor on the house.

Do you feel swallowing hurts? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

Pains by category

Pains by alphabet


Map of the symptoms and the types of pain is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.