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Symptoms of disease - knee pain in children

The knee is the largest joint of the body. The upper and lower bone of the tribe of separated the two drives (meniscus). The femur and Shin bones (tibial and fibula bones) are connected by ligaments, tendons and muscles. The surface of the bones of the inside of the knee joint is covered with articular cartilage, which absorbs shocks and ensures smooth, sliding surface for the movement of the joint.
Bruise or injury is the most common causes lameness; the active older children are often stretch the muscles and ligaments, which heal without intervention after a while.

The pain in the knee, children may be associated with damage to various structures of the tribe (cartilage, tendons, periarticular bags, etc.).

Which diseases there is knee pain in children

1. Sudden (acute) damage.
Injury (trauma) is the most common cause of pain in the knees. Sudden (acute) the damage can be caused by a direct blow to the knee or abnormal twisting, bending the knee, or falling to one knee. Pain, bruise or swelling may be strong and develop within a few minutes after the injury. The nerves or blood vessels at the time of injury may be subjected to pressure or damage. You may feel numbness, weakness, cold, tingling in the knee or shin; they may be pale or blue.

2. Acute damage to the knee include:
- Dislocations, sprains, or other injury of the ligaments and tendons that connect and support the patella.
- Breakage of elastic cartilage disks of the knee joint (meniscus).
- Ligament ruptures. The most often damaged a bunch of the tribe is tibial collateral ligament.
- Destruction (fracture) upper-knee bowl, and the lower part of the thigh, or the upper part of the tibial bone or calf bone. Fractures of the knee often occurs as a result of the impact of anomalous force, for example, in the fall to one knee, sharp twisting of the tribe, of great strength, which bends the knee, or when the knee with the force of a beating on any subject.
- Offset (dislocation) kneecaps. This type of displacement often occurs in girls from 13 to 18 years. Bits of bone or soft tissue (kneecap mouse) at the turn of or bias can get stuck in the joint and hinder its movement.
- Offset (dislocation) of the knee joint. This is a rare damage, which requires a lot of strength. It is a serious injury, and requires immediate medical intervention.

3. Damage as a result of the overload.
Damage from overload occur when repeated movements or repeated or long-term pressure on the knee. Activities such as climbing stairs, Cycling, Jogging or jumping load the joints and other tissues, and can lead to irritation and inflammation.

Damage as a result of overload include:
- Inflammation of the small bags with a liquid that absorbs and lubricates the knee (bursitis).
- An inflammation of the tendons (tendinitis) or small tendon rupture (tendinitis).
- Thickening or wrinkling in bundles of joint syndrome (fibrinous film).
Pain in the front of the knee overload, injury, overweight or problems in the patella (iliotibial band syndrome pain hip).
- Irritation and inflammation of the band of fibrous tissue that comes with the external side of the hip bone (the syndrome of ileo-tibial ligaments).

4. Conditions that can cause pain in the knee.
In the knee and around it problems may also arise, are not directly related to the injury or strain.
- In children and adolescents aged 11-15 years of widespread Osgood Schlatter disease. It manifests itself acute pain in the front of the knee, where the tendons of the kneecap connected to the tibia (shin bone). This place becomes very sensitive. The cause of the disease with the precision is not installed. The disease is especially common among children engaged in sports, and may simply be the result of injury.
- Popliteal cyst (or cyst Baker) is the cause of the swelling of the back of the knee.
Infection in the skin (cellulitis), joint (infectious arthritis), bone (osteomyelitis), or synovial bag (septic bursitis of the knee may cause pain and limited movement in his lap.
- Sometimes the pain in the knee may cause the problem in other parts of the body, such as a subdued nerve or a problem in the thigh.
- Cutting osteochondritis becomes the cause of the pain in his knee and stiffness, when a piece of bone or cartilage, or both, of the inside of the knee joint is deprived of the supply of blood and dies.
- Pain in his knee under mechanical load with the block of the hip joint in children under 10 years of age may be recycled, it is also conditioned by congenital malformations meniscus. Most often found discoid lateral meniscus. For older children is characterized by traumatic breaks normal meniscus, treat them like adults.

Which doctor should I contact if there is a knee pain in children

  • Orthopedist-traumatologist

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Do you feel knee hurts in children? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

Pains by category

Pains by alphabet

Map of the symptoms and the types of pain is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.