Система Orphus

Symptoms of disease - Cough with blood

A cough is one of the most frequent and the major signs of the diseases of the organs of respiration. The cause of the cough may be a direct irritation of sensitive endings (receptors) of the mucous membrane of the respiratory tract (throat, larynx, trachea, bronchi) and pleura.

Cough up blood (hemoptysis) - all cases of allocation of blood when coughing, whether streaks of blood in the sputum or profuse bleeding of respiratory tract. It is obvious, that at strong coughing with blood, the patient should be fully examined, so that could be established the specific cause of this phenomenon. Because you cannot be completely sure that the presence of streaks of blood in the sputum is the result of any exclusively sound condition, a patient with this option cough with blood should also be fully examined. A big mistake is to link the periodically appearing cough with blood only with any one of the previously established diagnosis, for example with chronic bronchiectasis or bronchitis. Such an approach may lead to the fact that serious, but potentially curable disease may remain unrecognized. The safest approach to recurrent episodes of cough with blood is to review each such case always as the first (not associated with the previous ones) with the subsequent carrying out of a full examination of the patient.



Which diseases there is Cough with blood

Causes of cough with blood.

Before you begin to perform various diagnostic procedures, aimed at clarifying the causes of cough with blood, it is extremely important to make sure that the blood really comes from the respiratory tract, and not from the nose, throat or gastrointestinal tract. Distinguish cough with blood from vomiting with some blood is sometimes quite difficult. A cough with blood is usually preceded by the emergence of feelings of tingling sensation in the throat or cough, blood stands out with a cough, as a rule, it bright red and foamy. The harbingers of vomiting blood are nausea, discomfort in the abdominal cavity; the blood comes from the vomit, color, it reminds red aniline dye. Once installed the source of the blood, you can proceed to the implementation of diagnostic studies to determine the cause hemoptysis. In the literature you can find a large number of messages on individual diseases, accompanied by cough with blood.

To pathological conditions, the most frequently causing the cough with blood, include:
1) inflammatory disease (bronchitis, bronhoektatical disease, tuberculosis, lung abscess, pneumonia, especially caused by klebsiella);
2) neoplasms (cancer of the lung, including flaky-cell, adenocarcinoma, oat-cell), bronchial adenoma;
3) other [thromboembolism of the vessels of the lung, failure of the left ventricle of the heart, stenoses mitral valve, trauma, including foreign bodies and injury of the lung, primary pulmonary hypertension (abnormal development of the arteries and veins, syndrome Eisenmenger, pulmonary vasculitis, including granulomatous disease Wegener and syndrome Gudpascera, idiopathic gemosideros light, amyloidosis), hemorrhagic diathesis, including treatment antikoagulyantami].

The frequency of registration of the reasons enumerated above depends on the order in which the establishment of the patients, and from it, on what grounds are judged on the presence of bleeding: a large amount of blood or its veins in the sputum. If to take into account both limbs of the most frequent cause of cough with blood are bronchitis, bronchiectasis (approximately 60-70% of cases). In surgical hospitals there are more extensive lung lesions and diseases requiring surgical intervention: carcinoma (20%), localized, segmental or lobar bronchiectasis (30%). In tb hospitals of the most frequent cause of hemoptysis is, of course, tuberculosis (2-40% of cases). In reports on the coughing with blood, in which are included both therapeutic and surgical patients, the range is very wide: the carcinoma (20%), bronchiectasis (30%), bronchitis (15%), other inflammatory diseases, including tuberculosis (10-20%), other diseases, including vascular, traumatic and hemorrhagic (10%). However, even with the most careful examination in 5-15% of cases of massive hemoptysis its exact cause is not possible to establish.

During the discussion of diseases, accompanied by cough with blood, it should be emphasized two points:
1) cough with blood rarely occurs with metastatic carcinoma of the lung;
2) although the virus or pneumococcal pneumonia may sometimes appear meager hemoptysis, in each such case it is necessary to think about the possibility of having a more serious associated diseases.

If you feel in general good and cough sputum with a small amount of blood phenomenon accidental - you should not worry; but if it is repeated, or you have additional symptoms - of - this may indicate one of the following serious diseases and you should immediately seek medical help.



Which doctor should I contact if there is a Cough with blood

  • Phthisiatrician
  • Oncologist
  • Pulmonologist
  • Therapeutist


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Do you have Cough with blood? You should be very careful approach to your health in general. People pay not enough attention to the symptoms of the disease and don't realize that these diseases can be critically dangerous. There are many diseases that in the beginning didn't manifest in our body, but in the end it turns out, unfortunately, it have already been treated too late. Every disease has its own specific features typical symptoms - called symptoms of the disease. Definition of symptoms is the first step in the diagnosis of diseases in general. You just need a few times a year to be screened by a doctor, not only to prevent a terrible disease, but also to maintain a healthy spirit in a body and the organism in general.

Other symptoms by letter C -


Map of the symptoms is intended solely for educational purposes. We strongly recommend do NOT self-medicate; on all matters relating to the definition of the disease and ways of its treatment, contact your doctor. Md-tips is not responsible for the consequences of use information posted on the site.